Q:

What is the function of cytoplasm?

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Quick Answer

Cytoplasm has many functions in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, including aiding in the movement of cellular materials and transporting the genetic material and products of cellular respiration. It also acts as a liquid medium to suspend organelles and helps cells expand during reproduction.

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What is the function of cytoplasm?
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Full Answer

Made of 80 percent water, cytoplasm is the liquid component of the cell. It gives the cell its shape and is the site for most of the cell's biochemical reactions. The cell's cytoplasm is responsible for storing the chemicals and nutrients needed for each reaction and providing a good environment for cellular organelles to perform their functions.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Who discovered the cytoplasm?

    A:

    The cytoplasm was discovered in 1835 by three biologists, George E Palade, Albert Claude and Christian de Duve. It was Robert Hooke who discovered the cell in 1831 and laid down the fundamentals for the study of the cell.

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  • Q:

    How do viruses infect host cells?

    A:

    The National Science Foundation explains that viruses infect host cells by piercing the cells' outer membranes, digesting the walls and injecting virus DNA into the cells. While many viruses remain dormant under extreme conditions, such as freezing temperatures, they may come to life in the right conditions and enter another organism's cells.

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  • Q:

    What is the difference between active and passive transport?

    A:

    The major difference between active and passive transport is that passive transport does not require the application of external energy, while active transport does. Both processes move molecules across the cell membrane, but passive transport always takes advantage of existing concentration gradients to allow a natural diffusion of molecules.

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  • Q:

    What does a sperm cell do?

    A:

    A sperm cell delivers its DNA to and fertilizes eggs, according to the National Center for Biotechnology Information. The BBC points out that this genetic material is contained in 23 chromosomes, which combine with the 23 chromosomes found in the female sex cell to make 23 pairs of chromosomes that contain all the genes for the new embryo.

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