Cytoplasm has many functions in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, including aiding in the movement of cellular materials and transporting the genetic material and products of cellular respiration. It also acts as a liquid medium to suspend organelles and helps cells expand during reproduction.
Made of 80 percent water, cytoplasm is the liquid component of the cell. It gives the cell its shape and is the site for most of the cell's biochemical reactions. The cell's cytoplasm is responsible for storing the chemicals and nutrients needed for each reaction and providing a good environment for cellular organelles to perform their functions.