The femur is the largest and strongest bone in the body responsible for transmitting force from the tibia to the hip joint. The femur is also the place of attachment for many muscles and ligaments.Know More
The femur is the largest and strongest bone in the human body and makes up a quarter of the body's height. The femur is attached to the hip via a ball and socket joint, providing movement and a source to articulate the pelvis. The ball joint is attached by a narrow neck laterally to the vertical femur shaft.
The femur is joined to several muscles via attachment sites. The trochanter connects the femur to the large muscles of the thigh and buttocks. The posterior side of the femur connects to the tibia via the medial and lateral condyles while the anterior side connects to the kneecap via the patellar surface. All of these attachments all serve to articulate the muscles and bone. With so many functions and sites of movement, the femur is split into three regions for study, namely the proximal, shaft and distal.
The neck of femur in the proximal area is most likely to break as it is the thinnest part of the ball and socket joint.Learn more about Bones
The function of the scapula is to provide movement and stabilization of the arm at the shoulder by attaching it to the trunk of the body, known as the thorax. The scapula is a flat bone that is shaped somewhat like a triangle. The scapula, along with the clavicle and humerus, make up the shoulder.Full Answer >
Long bones are found in the upper and lower extremities and provide the body with support, mobility and strength. They also produce red and yellow bone marrow, which is essential to the production of blood cells.Full Answer >
The best examples of ball and socket joints in the human body are the shoulder joint and hip joint. These are extremely mobile joints that allow the inserting bone, coming from the arms and legs, to move freely through a wide range of motion.Full Answer >
Three bones form the ankle: the tibia (the shin bone), the fibula (a smaller bone along the shin bone) and the talus (a bone sitting above the heel bone). The bony protrusion on the inside of the ankle is the medial malleolus, the bony protrusion on the back of the ankle is the posterior malleolus, and the bony protrusion on the outside of the ankle is the lateral malleolus.Full Answer >