What is the function of a flower?
Credit:Jacky Parker PhotographyMoment OpenGetty Images
Q:

What is the function of a flower?

A:

Quick Answer

The purpose of a flower is to attract pollinators to a plant to aid in fertilization so that the plant creates seeds. Bright colors, strong scents and sweet nectar all work together to attract birds, bees and other insects to move pollen from one flower to another. After pollination occurs, the flower develops seeds.

 Know More

Full Answer

Flowers are an important part of the reproductive system of plants. Each flower produces pollen, which is released through the anther part of the stamen. Some flowers produce pollen that is carried by the wind to other flowers so that fertilization takes place. Many flowers require a pollinator to carry the pollen. Common pollinators include hummingbirds, bees, wasps, ants, flies and beetles. In some parts of the world, small mammals and lizards also function as pollinators.

The particular color, pattern or scent of a flower attracts the appropriate pollinators. Pollinators feed on the nectar produced by the flower. During feeding, pollen, which is sticky, adheres to the pollinator's body. When the pollinator feeds at a different flower, the pollen moves from the body through the flower's stigma into the ovary where fertilization occurs. At this point, the flower has served its purpose. As the seed develops, the ovary grows into a fruit and the flower withers.

Learn more about Botany

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the purpose of flower petals?

    A:

    Petals attract bees and other insects that pollinate the plant. Evidence for this function lies in the noticeable differences in petal structure depending on pollination method.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is a flower ovule?

    A:

    A flower ovule is the plant structure containing the embryo sac. It is the basis of the female reproductive system for a flower, and it is one part of the pistil. Ovules are produced by the ovary, which is an enlarged basal portion of the pistil in flowering plants. The ovary often supports a long style, another female part of the flower, topped by a stigma.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Why is a tomato a fruit rather than a vegetable?

    A:

    The tomato is botanically a fruit because it contains the ovary and the seeds of a flowering plant. Because it is all contained within the tomato and the outside structure keeps the seeds protected, it is a fruit even though it is used as a vegetable.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are seed plants?

    A:

    A seed plant is a plant that reproduces by generating and dispersing seeds. Gymnosperms, or flowering plants, and angiosperms, or non-flowering plants, are common names given to the two common categories of seed plants.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore