According to Encyclopedia Britannica, the internal jugular veins, which are located in the neck, are responsible for draining the blood from the brain, face and neck. The internal jugulars unite with the subclavian veins to form the brachiocephalic veins for this purpose. Once the blood travels away from these areas, the internal jugulars help it return to the heart and lungs to become oxygenated.Know More
Anatomically speaking, the interior jugular veins are located along both sides of the neck and rest up against the thyroid gland and trachea. Most of the time, the left vein appears thinner than the right vein, and there are two dilated spots on each vein. These dilated spots are called the superior bulb and the inferior bulb. Because the interior jugulars are easier to access and larger than other jugular veins, they are often used to place venous lines.
While the interior jugulars are easy to get to when medical care is needed, their location leaves them susceptible to trauma and damage. With no bones or cartilage to protect them, these veins can easily become ruptured or torn during a traumatic event. In cases of severe blood loss, shock and death can occur within a matter of minutes.Learn more about Blood
Blood is responsible for transporting oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, hormones and proteins in the body, according to KidsHealth. The blood also carries glucose, ions, amino acids and waste products, such as urea, through the body. Red blood cells carry hemoglobin, a chemical that gives blood its red color.Full Answer >
The capillaries are responsible for the interchange of oxygen, carbon dioxide, water, nutrients and waste products between blood and surrounding tissues. The capillaries are the smallest of the blood vessels.Full Answer >
Blood has three primary functions. It transports oxygen to the body's cells, carbon dioxide to the lungs, and other nutrients throughout the body. Blood also helps regulate body temperature and pH balance and also protects the body from invading pathogens.Full Answer >
Hemoglobin is a red protein found in the red blood cells of vertebrates that carries oxygen from the lungs to body tissues. Hemoglobin also carries carbon dioxide from body tissues back to the lungs.Full Answer >