Monosaccharides are simple sugars that are used primarily as a form of energy for the organisms that consume them. Glucose, which is present in many different types of foods around the world, is the most common type of monosaccharide and is used as an energy source for many animals, including humans. They can be obtained naturally or through a biological process known as hydrolysis performed on either glycosides or polysaccharides.Know More
Monosaccharides are the simplest carbohydrate form. They are also known as simple sugars and often are composed of a string of carbon and water. Glucose is the most abundant monosaccharide, but there are other common simple sugars as well, including fructose and galactose, according to Dictionary.com. The difference between these types of monosaccharides is the arrangement of the specific atoms in their molecular formula.
Organisms can store these simple sugars after eating them to be used for energy later. When in the presence of oxygen, glucose and the rest of the monosaccharides can be broken down into their constituent parts. This releases energy, which is why monosaccharides are used primarily as a source of energy. Cells can harness this energy to do work. Additionally, monosaccharides can be used to build more complex carbohydrate forms like polysaccharides.Learn more about Chemistry
Some basics of biochemistry include carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids and the reactions of these biochemical compounds in living organisms. This science helps to explain the processes of life, such as how chemical energy powers a body.Full Answer >
According to the Plant and Soil Sciences eLibrary, sulfur, one of the most important elements in nature, plays a crucial role in the existence of all living organisms. Sulfur is a key component of certain proteins that make life possible. It is also one of the most abundant elements in the universe.Full Answer >
Nitrogen can be found in all living organisms on Earth while also being present in soil, water and air. It is an important component in biological compounds found all throughout nature.Full Answer >
Enzymes are naturally occurring proteins that are found in the bodies of certain living things, including humans and other animals, and that cause chemical changes such as breaking down food in the stomach. Within the human body, enzymes can be found in bodily fluids, such as blood, saliva, the gastric juices or the stomach and fluids in the intestines. In general, enzymes serve as catalysts for biological functions, including natural, involuntary bodily functions, such as blood clotting.Full Answer >