The rough endoplasmic reticulum is an organelle that produces proteins and helps them fold properly. Cells also have a smooth endoplasmic reticulum that processes fats and steroid hormones.Know More
The endoplasmic reticulum is a membrane-bound structure that is a part of every eukaryotic cell. This organelle plays a large role in the synthesis of large, complex proteins and amino acids. The membranes of an endoplasmic reticulum is lined with ribosomes. The ribosomes give the organelle a rough appearance and give the organelle its name. The ribosomes in the rough endoplasmic reticulum manufacture proteins. These proteins are manufactured from chains of amino acids. The proteins then enter the different channels of the organelle and move through the organelle’s membranes. As the proteins travel through the organelle, they create small pockets. These pockets pinch off from the organelle and form vesicles. The vesicles transport the proteins to the Golgi complex, where they are processed and distributed to different cells.
The smooth endoplasmic reticulum is another organelle in eukaryotic cells that synthesizes lipids. This organelle is located near the rough endoplasmic reticulum, and it produces phospholipids and cholesterol that help stabilize the membranes of the entire cell. The smooth endoplasmic reticulum and the rough endoplasmic reticulum both play vital roles in processing and synthesizing compounds for the cell.Learn more about Cells
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum is primarily involved with the production of lipids and removing drugs or poisons from the body, according to the British Society for Cell Biology. Rough endoplasmic reticulum is involved in the production, folding, correcting and dispatching of proteins.Full Answer >
In addition to other jobs, the endoplasmic reticulum creates and folds proteins and then carries these synthesized substances to the Golgi apparatus via the vesicles. The endoplasmic reticulum also executes sorting activities for the cell's proteins. However, the precise duties carried out by the endoplasmic reticulum vary by both species and cell type.Full Answer >
The smooth endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the part of the ER that does not have ribosomes attached to the cytoplasmic side of the membrane. It forms a tubular structure, distinct from the rough ER that is evenly distributed throughout the cytoplasm.Full Answer >
Endoplasmic reticulum is composed of two different regions that each have a distinct shape. Rough endoplasmic reticulum is composed of a series of flattened sacs with attached ribosomes on the membrane. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum consists of a tube-shaped network and does not have attached ribosomes.Full Answer >