The xiphoid process functions as the site of attachment for several structures of the upper respiratory system, including the diaphragm, the rectus abdominis muscle and the transversus thoracis muscle. The cartilaginous projection may appear in several variations of shape depending on the genetics of the individual.Know More
In some individuals, the process may be split into two segments. Alterations of this process do not have a negative consequence on the health of the individual. The xiphoid process attaches to three muscles that have several functions. The diaphragm is involved in respiration, and it separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity. The rectus abdominal muscle serves to support the spinal cord during activity that involves physical exertion. It supports other organs in the abdominal region and the intestines. It also functions to support normal respiration. The transversus thoracis muscle lines portions of the abdominal cavity.
Xiphoidalgia or xiphodynia is a rare disorder involving the process. It involves inflammation or tenderness of the process. Some symptoms of the disease include nausea and pain that radiate to the back, neck and shoulder. Symptoms may worsen after performing certain physical activities, such as bending or twisting. Relief may occur with the use of analgesics and other treatments.Learn more about Organs
The spleen is located under the left side of the diaphragm and near the stomach, pancreas, liver and the heart. The inferior vena cava and the hepatic artery, coming from the heart, are located to the right of the spleen. The organ is protected by the rib cage.Full Answer >
The diaphragm, a smooth skeletal muscle used to control respiration, is nominally an involuntary muscle, although limited voluntary control can be achieved. The diaphragm operates using the phrenic and lower intercostal nerves to communicate with the brainstem.Full Answer >
The liver is a triangular shaped organ that extends across the entire abdominal cavity just below the diaphragm, explains InnerBody. The majority of the liver's mass is located on the right side of the abdominal cavity, protected by the lower ribs of the rib cage.Full Answer >
The vagus nerve interacts with the brain and is connected to motor function in the diaphragm, voice box, heart and stomach. It also affects sensory function in the tongue and ears, and both sensory and motor function in the sinuses and esophagus, according to the American Association of Neurological Surgeons.Full Answer >