Q:

What is the functional unit of the nervous system?

A:

Quick Answer

The basic functional unit of the nervous system is the nerve cell, also called a neuron. These cells are specialized to send information through the body in the form of electrical action potentials. These travel from one neuron to the next through special connections called synapses.

Know More

Full Answer

The cell body of a neuron contains several structures called dendrites, which receive action potentials from other neurons. Another specialized structure is the axon, which connects to the dendrites of other neurons and sends the action potential to them. There are several types of neurons in the body, including sensory neurons, motor neurons and interneurons, which connect different types of nerve cells.

Learn more about Nerves

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the main function of the nervous system?

    A:

    The nervous system functions to process input from sensory receptors, transfer and interpret impulses and to control the functions of body's muscles and organs. The nervous system is comprised of nerves made up of specialized cells known as neurons.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the basic unit of structure and function in the nervous system?

    A:

    The neuron is the basic unit in the nervous system, acting as a specialized conductor cell that receives and transmits electrochemical nerve impulses, explains Dr. Ananya Mandal. A typical neuron has a cell body and long processes that transmit impulses from one part of the body to another part.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How do you keep the nervous system healthy?

    A:

    Individuals can maintain a healthy nervous system through diet, exercise and rest. The nervous system is an intricate organ system found in the human body that is comprised of neurons and supportive cells that transmit chemical and electrical signals throughout the body. These signals allow the body to move, talk and function. A healthy nervous system is essential for humans to function properly.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the four functions of the nervous system?

    A:

    The four primary functions of the nervous system are the sensory, communicative, integrative and motor functions. The nervous system allows the body to respond quickly to various stimuli.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore