Most fungi eat by releasing enzymes that break down surrounding nutrients, which are then absorbed into their bodies. In order to have a consistent food source, fungi grows on or in food. Some fungi species are able to hunt protozoa and nematodes.Know More
Fungi are either hunters or grazers. Some species hunt by producing a sticky substance that traps passing prey for consumption. Another species traps prey by growing circular snares with hyphae, which squeeze targets traveling through the ring. After the creature is snared, the fungi grows new hyphae, which burrow into the prey's body and absorb its fluids.
Some fungi species have a symbiotic relationship with plants. The plants provide fungi with a safe place to live, as well as necessary nutrients. In turn, the fungi provide the plant with crucial nutrients, such as phosphorous, and also help the plant to process metals and other various substances.
Fungi absorb nutrients through their cell walls. The nutrients come from dead or alive organic matter from either plants or animals. They are only capable of absorbing basic nutrients that are easily dissolved, such as sugar. If the nutrients are too complex to be absorbed, they use digestive enzymes to decompose the nutrients into a simple form that can be digested.Learn more about Biology
Notable fungi include yeast, also known as saccharomyces, penicillium chrysogenum, aspergillus oryzae and fusarium venenatum. Various fungi are used in foods and medicines, in contrast to fungi that serve as pests.Full Answer >
Fungi can live in a variety of habitats that are classified as either marine or terrestrial: in the soil, in water, and on plants and animals. Evidence suggests that some fungi have evolved closely with their partnered plant or animal to develop a productive symbiotic relationship. Fungi, which include yeast, mushrooms and mold, are classified separately from plants, animals and bacteria.Full Answer >
Fungi spread by forcibly ejecting spores, making their own wind and allowing natural wind and water to spread their spores. Some spores have hair-like parts that help them disperse more easily in water. Some fungi use insects, such as flies, to help them spread their spores.Full Answer >
Fungi are eukaryotes. They reproduce by means of spores, and they reproduce both sexually and asexually. They are nonvascular, and they are heterotrophic. Fungi store their food as starch. They have a small nucleus. They digest their food before they ingest it. They are nonmotile. They have cell walls composed of chitin.Full Answer >