Fungi reproduce in one of two ways: asexually through mitosis, or sexually through meiosis. Sexual reproduction occurs far less frequently than asexual production and usually only when necessary to adapt to environmental change.Know More
Asexual reproduction happens through vegetative spores, through mycelial fragmentation or through budding.
Vegetative reproduction occurs when a single haploid cell produces millions of spores through mitosis that are genetically identical to the original cell. These spores are incubated within a structure called a sporangium and are dispersed through a variety of means, such as being carred by wind, latching onto other organisms and even floating in water. Once these spores find a viable environment, they begin to grow and reproduce.
Mycelial fragmentation occurs when the fungus breaks down into many separate fragments and each of these grow into a new organism that is genetically identical to the original.
Unlike most fungus, yeast uses a different asexual method of reproduction known as budding, in which an offspring is formed and pinched off of the original cell.
Due to the need to adapt to new environments, most fungi also have the ability to reproduce sexually, through meiosis. This process involves two different strains of haploid cells fusing together to create a diploid spore, known as a zygospore. The resulting offspring contain genetic characteristics of both parents.Learn more about Biology
Fungi range in size from a single-celled organism, such as yeast, to a 3.5-mile-wide mushroom located in Oregon's Malheur National Forest. This honey mushroom covers more than 2,200 acres of the forest floor and is dubbed "the humongous fungus."Full Answer >
Fungi can live in a variety of habitats that are classified as either marine or terrestrial: in the soil, in water, and on plants and animals. Evidence suggests that some fungi have evolved closely with their partnered plant or animal to develop a productive symbiotic relationship. Fungi, which include yeast, mushrooms and mold, are classified separately from plants, animals and bacteria.Full Answer >
Members of the kingdom Fungi have cells with a nucleus. Fungi cells have a cell wall and membrane-bound organelles. The presence of membrane-bound organelles causes fungi to be classified as eukaryotes.Full Answer >
Fungi spread by forcibly ejecting spores, making their own wind and allowing natural wind and water to spread their spores. Some spores have hair-like parts that help them disperse more easily in water. Some fungi use insects, such as flies, to help them spread their spores.Full Answer >