Fungi reproduce in one of two ways: asexually through mitosis, or sexually through meiosis. Sexual reproduction occurs far less frequently than asexual production and usually only when necessary to adapt to environmental change.Know More
Asexual reproduction happens through vegetative spores, through mycelial fragmentation or through budding.
Vegetative reproduction occurs when a single haploid cell produces millions of spores through mitosis that are genetically identical to the original cell. These spores are incubated within a structure called a sporangium and are dispersed through a variety of means, such as being carred by wind, latching onto other organisms and even floating in water. Once these spores find a viable environment, they begin to grow and reproduce.
Mycelial fragmentation occurs when the fungus breaks down into many separate fragments and each of these grow into a new organism that is genetically identical to the original.
Unlike most fungus, yeast uses a different asexual method of reproduction known as budding, in which an offspring is formed and pinched off of the original cell.
Due to the need to adapt to new environments, most fungi also have the ability to reproduce sexually, through meiosis. This process involves two different strains of haploid cells fusing together to create a diploid spore, known as a zygospore. The resulting offspring contain genetic characteristics of both parents.Learn more about Biology
Fungi spread by forcibly ejecting spores, making their own wind and allowing natural wind and water to spread their spores. Some spores have hair-like parts that help them disperse more easily in water. Some fungi use insects, such as flies, to help them spread their spores.Full Answer >
Fungi are multicellular, eukaryotic organisms, while bacteria are single-celled prokaryotes. The cells of fungi have nuclei that contain the chromosomes and other organelles, such as mitochondria and ribosomes. Bacteria are much smaller than fungi, do not have nuclei or other organelles and cannot reproduce sexually.Full Answer >
Yeast belongs to the Fungi kingdom. Hundreds of different kinds of yeast are found around the world. Most live in the soil or on plants, especially in their fruit or nectar.Full Answer >
Fungi are heterotrophs, meaning that they fulfill their needs for carbon and energy by breaking down and assimilating organic matter. Fungi are capable of absorbing and metabolizing a wide variety of carbohydrates, including glucose, xylose and fructose. More difficult carbohydrates are also easily digested, such as cellulose and hemicellulose.Full Answer >