Since the closure of its major landfill in the early 2000s, the Philippine Islands' capital city of Manila has grappled with the question of what to do with more than 8,600 tons of garbage that its 11.5 million residents generate each day. With nowhere else to dispose of their trash, many Manila residents began dumping it into the Pasig River. The problem prompted the nation's health officials to caution that water-borne diseases such as dysentery, hepatitis B and cholera are likely to spread in alarming proportions without mitigation.Know More
Not only do Manila residents produce one-fourth of the Philippines' total garbage, they generate, on average, 130 percent more garbage per capita than residents of other countries, according to the nation's Department of Environment and Natural Resources.
In addition to contributing to water-borne illness, uncollected trash clogs Manila's waterways, causing regular flooding.
Roughly 50 percent of Manila's garbage is biodegradable food waste, while 17 percent is paper and 16 percent plastics. The remainder consists of rubber, ceramics, metal and leather.
While the country's leadership advocates recycling, many Manila residents say they are limited in their efforts by lack of space. Government officials are working directly with condominium and subdivision homeowners associations to recycle and to separate their garbage by type in order to hasten collection efforts.Learn more about Pollution
The two main causes of garbage pollution are a lack of a proper garbage collection system in the area and the presence of an improper disposal mechanism. In most cities, garbage is collected by a civic agency or contractor and disposed of properly.Full Answer >
People can stop water pollution by throwing litter into proper trash bins, helping clean up garbage in rivers and lakes and on beaches, not throwing litter down the drain and using eco-friendly cleaning liquids. Moreover, it helps to use water wisely to avoid water shortages and reduce the amount of contaminated water that requires treatment. It is also important to dispose of toxic household chemicals properly.Full Answer >
In the United States in 2010, estimates show that about four tons of carbon dioxide were released into the atmosphere per vehicle, according to AmericanForests.org. In that same year, the Department of Transportation notes that the South-Gulf experienced the largest jump in traffic volume among all regions.Full Answer >
Although the amount of pollution produced by cars can vary greatly, depending on the make, model and year of the car, the average carbon dioxide emissions per passenger vehicle per year is 4.75 metric tons. However, the level of pollution produced by a car be evident in multiple forms aside from carbon dioxide emissions, such as the use of fossil fuels and the amount of other greenhouse gasses emitted during transport from factories to retail locations.Full Answer >