Gas comes from crude oil. The remains of organisms that lived on Earth hundreds of millions of years ago were eventually covered with sediment and rock. The pressure and heat of the Earth caused the remains and sediment to combine and create liquid hydrocarbon, or crude oil.Know More
Refineries break down the hydrocarbons into many different products. The refiners do this through a distillation process. The crude oil is heated and put into a still where different hydrocarbons boil off and condense at different temperatures. The hydrocarbons are collected after condensing. Distillation is followed by additional processing. Cracking is a process that breaks down heavy hydrocarbon molecules into light hydrocarbon molecules by using heat, pressure and sometimes a catalyst. Using a catalyst increases the chemical reaction, producing more gasoline from the process.
Gasoline is the most produced product because it is the most used product. The characteristics of the end product depend on the crude oil used and the refinery’s methods. Some other popular products made from crude oil are diesel fuel, heating oil, jet fuel and liquefied petroleum gas, or LPG. A 42-gallon drum of crude oil produces 44 gallons of petroleum products. From one barrel, a refinery creates 19.7 gallons of gasoline, 10 gallons of diesel fuel or heating oil, 4 gallons of jet fuel, 1.8 gallons of heavy oil and 1.8 gallons of LPG, and the remaining 7.3 gallons is used for other petroleum products.Learn more about Chemistry
Plastic is derived from organic substances including crude oil, salt, cellulose, coal and natural gas. Crude oil, one of the main ingredients of plastic, is a complex compound that must be broken down into fractions (mixtures of compounds made up of carbon and hydrogen) in order to be used effectively.Full Answer >
Gasoline and diesel fuel are both used to power automobiles and machinery. They are both the product of crude oil, but they are different because they are not able to power engines in the same way.Full Answer >
Gasoline is made when refineries break down the hydrocarbons found in crude oil. Crude oil is formed from the remains of animals and aquatic plants that lived billions of years ago and have been covered in sediment and exposed to high temperatures and extreme pressure.Full Answer >
Kerosene and diesel are made up of long, flammable hydrocarbon molecules derived from crude oil, which is also known as petroleum. Kerosene is made up of a mixture of carbon chains with between six and 16 carbon atoms per chain. Diesel fuels are heavier, with anywhere from eight to 21 carbon atoms per chain. Both are liquid at room temperature, but diesel fuel has a higher boiling point.Full Answer >