The genetic code is called a universal code because all known organisms use the same four nucleotide bases; organism differ according to the arrangement of the nucleotide bases. The four nucleotide bases are adenosine, thymidine, cytidine and guanosine. Three bases form an amino acid, also known as a codon.Know More
The codons form the basis of the genetic code. Amino acids are necessary to form the DNA, mRNA and tRNA that are required for the creation of new genetic material.
Scientists have learned that an extremely small amount of microbes use a different genetic code. Otherwise, fungi, plants, animals, bacteria and viruses all use the same codons for protein synthesis.Learn more about Molecular Biology & DNA
There are 64 different possible codons to the genetic code. Each codon is composed of three of the four genetic bases: guanine and adenine, which are the purine bases, and cytosine and thymine or uracil, the pyrimidine bases. A base may be repeated within a codon.Full Answer >
The wobble hypothesis explains the phenomenon of degeneracy that is seen in the genetic code through tRNA recognition of more than one codon. The wobble hypothesis was first described by scientist Francis Crick in 1966 several years after he helped discover the structure of DNA with James Watson.Full Answer >
Codons are three-letter codes that make up the genetic code. Both RNA and DNA have triplets known as codons. Each codon codes one of 20 amino acids that the body uses to synthesize amino acids.Full Answer >
Codons are triplet codes that comprise the genetic code. They consist of a sequence of three DNA or RNA nucleotides. In total, there are 64 unique codons that can be translated into 20 amino acids that bind together to create proteins in the human body.Full Answer >