Most of the world's geysers are found in the United States, Russia, Chile, New Zealand and Iceland. Worldwide, there are only about 1000 geysers. Over 50 percent of the world's active geysers are located in Yellowstone National Park.
The volcanic rock rhyolite is particularly effective at hosting geysers. Most of the geyser fields in the world have formed in rhyolite or similar silica-laden rocks, such as ignimbrite. The conditions required for geysers to form include hot rocks below the geysers, an ample ground water source, a subsurface water reservoir and fissures to deliver water to the surface.
The most famous geyser in the world is "Old Faithful" in Yellowstone National Park, which erupts regularly about every 60 to 90 minutes. The tallest active geyser in the world as of 2014 is the Steamboat Geyser, also located in Yellowstone National Park. Some of its eruptions blast water as high as 400 feet into the air. Until 1902, Waimangu Geyser in New Zealand was the tallest geyser in the world, with eruptions blasting jets of water up to 1600 feet in the air. Since the 1960s, the volcanic heat and abundant water found in geyser fields have been increasingly harnessed to produce geothermal energy.Learn More
Yellowstone Net names fountain and cone geysers as the two principal types; geysers are hot springs that erupt periodically. Fountain geysers shoot water out in various directions through a pool. However, cone geysers shoot water out in a fairly narrow jet, usually from a cone-like formation.Full Answer >
Amber is found all over the world, but large quantities are found in Eastern Europe and Mexico. Amber is fossilized tree resin, so anywhere large concentrations of fossilized trees are found, amber is also likely to be found.Full Answer >
Iron can be found in the Earth's core, in the Earth's crust, in hemoglobin, in steel and in magnets. It is rare to find iron in its elemental form on Earth, but it has been found in igneous rocks in Russia.Full Answer >
Mountains are found on every continent in the world. Though there are some single-standing mountains, they are most often found in groups known as mountain ranges. Some mountains arise from volcanic eruptions, while others have been formed by the shifting of tectonic plates. Thus, mountains are commonly seen at the intersection of tectonic plates and in places where the Earth's crust is relatively thin.Full Answer >