American ginseng grows in deciduous forests of the eastern United States, while Asian ginseng grows in Northern Manchuria. Ginseng prefers shady north and eastern facing, well-drained slopes with rich soil. It is artificially cultivated in the United States, with more than 90 percent of the crop located in Wisconsin. Ten percent of the world's supply of ginseng root comes from Marathon County, Wis.Know More
Because of over-harvesting in the 1970's, wild ginseng is listed as an endangered species. The root of the ginseng is believed to have various curative properties. The Chinese value it as a universal remedy, commonly drinking the powdered root as a tea. Most ginseng cultivated in the United States are dried and shipped overseas.
A mature ginseng plant is 12 to 24 inches tall. It consists of compound leaves with three to five leaflets. Small, white blooms appear on a stalk in May. Red berries are produced in late summer to early fall. The root of the plant is the part used for medicinal remedies. At a length of 3 to 8 inches and a thickness of up to 1 inch, the root is ready for harvest when the plant reaches maturity after 3 years of growth.Learn more about Botany
The bulbs of the onion plant grow underground. However, the leaves grow above ground. The conditions of the soil where the onions are grown is particularly important, because these conditions influence the flavor and size of the onions.Full Answer >
Seaweed is a type of marine algae that grows through photosynthesis. Because seaweed requires sunlight for photosynthesis, it is found at depths where light can penetrate through seawater. Although many types of seaweed are found at depths of 328 feet, other types can live at depths of approximately 1,000 feet.Full Answer >
There are many different vegetables that grow underground, including carrots, turnips, parnsips, rutabegas, Jerusalem artichokes, potatoes, sweet potatoes, yams, beets, onions, garlic, kohlrabi, yuca, celery root, turmeric, ginger, radishes, jicama, horseradish and daikon. Most vegetables that grow underground are referred to as root vegetables, with the exception of potatoes, which are part of the tuber family.Full Answer >
The specific requirements vary, but plants generally need water, nutrients and sunlight to grow. They also need air, appropriate temperatures, space and time to thrive.Full Answer >