Grassland decomposers are organisms that feed on decaying organic matter, breaking it down into nutrients that are returned to the soil for more plant growth. These decomposers are insects, fungi and microorganisms.
Arthropods are small insects that live in the soil and decompose decaying matter. Arthropods shred organic material and then redistribute the nutrients throughout the soil. Furthermore, they help to stimulate the growth and activity of other decomposers such and fungi and microorganisms. Some arthropods found in grasslands include springtails, pseudoscorpions and rugose harvester ants. A common arthropod found in the African savannah grasslands are termites. Earthworms also act as decomposers, and they compete with arthropods for decaying matter.
Fungi is another decomposer found in a grassland biome. There are many types of decomposing fungi from mycorrhizae to Mycena aetites. Mycorrhizae is a type of fungus found in the roots of grassland plants. This fungus protects the plant from disease, enables it to absorb nutrients and helps it to tolerate drought conditions. In return, the plant provides the fungus with a food source. The majority of plants found in grasslands share a symbiotic relationship with mycorrhizae.
Mycena aetites is another species of fungus commonly found in grasslands. It feeds mostly on decaying grass and leaf litter.Learn More
There are several methods of propagating a rubber tree plant, with air layering being the preferred method. To propagate by air layering, a section of the stem is cut, treated with rooting hormone and wrapped with moss. Rooting takes two to three weeks.Full Answer >
Photosynthesis is the process by which green plants manufacture their own food. The process takes place in small structures within the plant’s cells called chloroplasts. Photosynthesis evolved about 3 billion years ago, yet it remains the most important method for harvesting the sun’s energy on the planet.Full Answer >
Plants get energy from the sun through a process called photosynthesis. Plants convert light into chemical energy which is stored in the organism as sugars.Full Answer >
Both auxins and gibberellins are plant hormones that function to promote plant growth through cell elongation. Auxins, in particular, respond to the influences of light availability and gravity, and also promote the differentiation of vascular tissue. Gibberellins are more responsible for growing shoots and promoting cell division in addition to cell elongation.Full Answer >