Why is Gregor Mendel called the Father of Genetics?
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Why is Gregor Mendel called the Father of Genetics?

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Gregor Mendel is the father of genetics because he discovered dominant and recessive traits and also that traits are randomly and statistically given from parents to a child. His discoveries established the fundamentals of genetics that are understood in modern science.

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Mendel conducted an experiment using peas to prove his theory on the randomness of traits. He disproved the concept that children inherit an equal portion of genes from both parents. He was the founder of the Law of Segregation, which states that traits are passed on based on dominant or recessive alleles. A dominant allele overcomes a recessive allele. Furthermore, his Law of Independent Assortment addresses the random inheritance of traits in which some traits are independent of those of the parents.

Without Mendel's research, which was largely discredited until the 1900s, it would be difficult to understand genetic diseases or engineer different plant species today.

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    What did Gregor Mendel discover?

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    Gregor Mendel was a pioneer in genetics; he discovered the laws of inheritance, which showed genes come in pairs and are inherited from each parent. He worked with over 10,000 pea plants over eight years, noting dominant and recessive traits.

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  • Q:

    Why did Mendel choose peas for his experiments?

    A:

    Gregor Mendel, a monk and teacher from Central Europe, chose common garden peas, or Pisum sativum, for his experiments in genetics because peas are easily grown in numbers large enough to be useful for his experiments and their reproduction can be altered. Pollen could be transferred from one pea flower to another with a paintbrush.

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    What did Mendel allow his plants to do?

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    Gregor Mendel selectively allowed pea plants to cross-pollinate and then observed the pea plants for seven different physical traits. He recorded the results of each pollination and made several important conclusions about the inheritance of traits based upon his experiments with the plants.

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  • Q:

    What were Gregor Mendel's accomplishments?

    A:

    Gregor Mendel contributed to the field of heredity by discovering that certain traits are inherited and passed along to successive generations. Mendel performed multiple studies, using sweet peas as his subjects, over a period of several years to examine the transfer of traits from one generation to the next. Mendel ultimately discovered that traits are indeed passed along from parents to offspring; some traits remain dominant over time, while others are recessive.

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