People whose blood is too thin are prone to excessive bleeding that is potentially dangerous. Those with thin blood lack sufficient platelets, which are cell fragments that help the blood form clots. Health Guidance reports these people tend to experience nose bleeds, bleeding gums, frequent bruising all over their bodies and even blood in their urine.Know More
The condition in which a person has thin blood owing to a lack of platelets is known as thrombocytopenia, according to Health Guidance. Symptoms include fatigue, general weakness, small bruises all along the body and bleeding after brushing or flossing teeth. The primary danger to people with the condition is bleeding to death following an injury or developing internal bleeding and not realizing it until it has progressed significantly.
The Mayo Clinic reports thrombocytopenia also manifests in women through prolonged, extremely heavy menstrual periods. In men and women, it may manifest through excessive bleeding following surgery or dental work and profuse bleeding after sustaining cuts.
Health Guidance states that the condition is caused by a number of factors, including pregnancy and certain medications, including interferon H2 blockers and chemotherapy drugs. Leukemia and several immune diseases can also lead to thrombocytopenia. Treatment usually involves addressing the underlying cause of the condition. In severe cases, blood transfusions may be necessary.Learn more about Blood
Receiving the wrong blood type can lead to a severe reaction that is potentially life threatening, according to WebMD. Symptoms such as fever, hives, shortness of breath, chills, low blood pressure and pain are all reactions that can range from mild to severe that are linked to blood transfusions. This is a rare occurrence caused by human error that happens in just one out of every 14,000 transfusions performed.Full Answer >
Blood that reaches the lungs travels throughout a network of small blood vessels, where oxygen moves into the blood and carbon dioxide moves out of the blood, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. This oxygen-rich blood is transported through the pulmonary veins and back to the heart, where it is pumped out to the rest of the body.Full Answer >
Blood clumping, also known as agglutination, occurs when different blood types are mixed. This may prove fatal when it occurs inside the body.Full Answer >
When red blood cells are placed in distilled water, which is hypotonic compared to the solution contained within the cells' membranes, the distilled water will diffuse into the red blood cells and cause them to burst. Placing red blood cells in any solution which contains a lesser degree of solute than that of the solution within the cells will cause water to diffuse into them. Because distilled water contains a zero concentration of solute, it will predictably diffuse into a red blood cell in an attempt to equalize the osmotic pressure on both sides of the cell membrane.Full Answer >