According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, a hurricane is an organized thunderstorm that occurs over water and has sustained winds that reach maximum speeds over 74 miles per hour. These storms originate over the Atlantic Basin, which includes the Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. When they reach land, they often cause structural damage and flooding.Know More
When a hurricane makes landfall along a coastline, it brings heavy rain that often leads to major flooding, according to The Weather Channel. This rain can stretch for hundreds of miles past the location where the storm originally hits land, and the hardest-hit areas often receive up to 10 inches of rain. Another occurrence during a hurricane is the storm surge, which is the rapid rise in the water level at the coast. This is mostly caused by the high winds of the hurricane, and it leads to damage to homes and other structures built near the coast line.
The high winds that occur during hurricanes are incredibly dangerous, reaching speeds of up to 155 miles per hour in the worse cases. High winds cause damage to power lines, destruction of trees and severe damage to homes and buildings from flying debris.Learn more about Storms
Hurricanes, typhoons and tropical cyclones all refer to storms in which the winds reach more than 74 miles per hour. The difference in the names refers to the location where the storm originates. A hurricane is confined to the North Atlantic Ocean and the Northeast Pacific Ocean. A typhoon originates in the Northwest Pacific Ocean, and a cyclone occurs in the Indian Ocean, states the Hurricane Research Division of NOAA.Full Answer >
Hurricanes form when a precise set of weather conditions are met that cause a wind storm to develop sustained speeds of at least 74 miles per hour. Despite these conditions often being met, it is rare that a storm develops into a hurricane.Full Answer >
The winds produced in a tornado can be less than 100 miles per hour, or they can exceed 300 miles per hour. The Enhanced Fujita Scale ranges from EF 0 to EF 5, and this scale is used to estimate the wind damage produced by a tornado.Full Answer >
On Sept. 10, 1979, Hurricane Frederic strengthened to a Category 4 over the Central Gulf with maximum sustained winds near 132 miles per hour. The hurricane peaked at 135 miles per hour. On Aug. 29, 1979, Hurricane Fredric formed as a tropical depression over the far-eastern Atlantic.Full Answer >