When a hurricane hits land, it starts to lose speed and energy as it loses its source of both from the warm ocean waters. The further the hurricane gets over land, the faster the storm dissipates.Know More
A hurricane typically comes ashore with violently strong winds, heavy rainfall and a storm surge in coastal areas. Usually, as long as the eye of the hurricane remains over the warm water, the hurricane stays at near full strength. Once the eye moves ashore, the hurricane usually dissipates rapidly.
When the hurricane approaches land, the outer edges begin to incorporate the air over the land and transfer them inward toward the eye. This air is most often cooler and drier than the air fueling the hurricane. This creates strong areas of convergence that helps spawn weather phenomena such as thunderstorms and tornadoes.
Even as the hurricane grows weaker over land, the wind field tends to increase, spreading the hurricane's effect over a much wider area. The outer areas of the hurricane may even see an increase in wind speed, while the average maximum wind speed decreases. The effect of a larger wind field along the coast can cause more storm surges and larger waves.Learn more about Storms
According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, a hurricane is an organized thunderstorm that occurs over water and has sustained winds that reach maximum speeds over 74 miles per hour. These storms originate over the Atlantic Basin, which includes the Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. When they reach land, they often cause structural damage and flooding.Full Answer >
A hurricane is a tropical cyclone with sustained winds reaching speeds of at least 74 miles per hour, according to The Weather Channel. Hurricanes are classified on a scale of 1 to 5 using the scale Saffir-Simpson hurricane wind scale.Full Answer >
Tropical cyclones form when ambient atmospheric conditions are ripe for storm development, which includes warm ocean waters, moist mid-tropospheric layers, proximity to the equator and the presence of a pre-existing atmospheric disturbance. Humidity, adequate ocean water temperatures and strong winds all help to make cyclones form, but these elements must converge to allow storms to take shape. After forming, cyclones develop an organized inner core, which is surrounded by a circular mass that spins.Full Answer >
According to NASA, a hurricane gets its strength as it passes over warm ocean waters. These storms are low-pressure areas that form over warm ocean waters in the summer and early fall.Full Answer >