If a male takes female hormones, body fat redistributes to the legs and buttocks from the stomach, breasts develop, body hair decreases and skin softens, according to TransGenderCare. In addition to these changes, the testes and penis shrink in size, and considerable muscle mass is lost from the upper body.Know More
When a male takes female hormones, the redistribution of fat can take around two years to occur, while the loss of muscle mass takes about three, explains TransGenderCare. Breasts fully develop in two years, but rarely do transgender individuals achieve breasts larger than a B cup. Body hair is most noticeably lost from the stomach and extremities, but hair remains around the nipples, pubic region and armpits. Sperm production decreases with the shrinking of the testes, and the ability to achieve an erection and ejaculate also reduces.
The prostate gland reduces in size, the risks of arteriosclerotic disease and related cardiovascular conditions are reduced, and sexual responsiveness is lost, according to TransGenderCare. With long-term supplementation with female hormones, males can become permanently infertile. Beard growth never completely ceases, requiring the individual to explore hair removal options other than hormone therapy. In addition, transgender individuals retain the lower male vocal pitch.Learn more about Glands & Hormones
The major function of the thyroid gland is to produce thyroid hormones, according to HowStuffWorks. One hormone is called thyroxine and the other triiodothyronine, or T4 and T3. Together, they regulate the growth and development of nearly every system in the body.Full Answer >
The adrenal glands are responsible for creating hormones, including cortisol, aldosterone, androgen, noradrenaline and adrenaline. Each person has two adrenal glands, and one is located on the top of each kidney.Full Answer >
Estrella Mountain Community College explains that non-steroid hormones are hormones that do not enter a cell the way steroid hormones do. Instead, they attach to the cell membrane. Furthermore, they are water soluble.Full Answer >
The University of Washington explains that the endocrine system secretes hormones and other substances into the blood stream in order to control behavioral processes, such as responses to stress. Additionally, the endocrine system controls biological processes, such as appetite, metabolism and growth. According to Wikipedia, the endocrine glands secrete substances directly into the bloodstream. This allows the endocrine system to control distant systems and affect behavior.Full Answer >