Mixing bleach and ammonia produces toxic gases called chloramines that can damage the upper respiratory tract and irritate the eyes, throat and nose. Symptoms include coughing, shortness of breath, watery eyes and nausea. Prolonged exposure to chloramines in an enclosed space can cause death, particularly if a person has any pre-existing respiratory conditions.Know More
Bleach and ammonia each contain powerful chemicals that can prove toxic unless handled correctly. Bleach contains chlorine, a toxic element fatal in sufficient concentrations. Many other household cleaners use the chemical chlorine, including laundry detergent, toilet-bowl cleaner and dish-washing liquid. Combining any of these with ammonia-based cleaning products releases chloramines. Read the contents of a product carefully before use and note whether it contains bleach, chlorine or sodium hypochlorite. In addition to ammonia, bleach reacts with acids such as vinegar, releasing chlorine gas.
Household products use ammonium hydroxide dissolved in water for laundry use. Most glass- and porcelain-cleaning products contain ammonia because it cuts grease and cleans without leaving streaks. While ammonia can irritate, it generally isn't fatal. The level of toxicity depends on the quantities used.
While bleach and ammonia products provide benefits, their potential toxicity demands careful handling. Normal safety precautions, such as using rubber gloves, wearing eye protection and proper ventilation reduce the risk of possible injury.Learn More
Acidic solutions turn litmus paper red, turn a universal indicator red or yellow, taste tart or sour, conduct electricity, react with metals, and neutralize bases. When an acid and a metal react, hydrogen is released; when an acid and a base react, an ionic compound called a salt is formed.Full Answer >
Isopropyl alcohol is primarilyÂ synthesized using aÂ direct or indirect process of hydrating propene with water. Both methods involve a further purification technique of distilling the isopropyl alcohol from water and other byproducts.Full Answer >
A hypertonic environment is one in which the concentration of a solution's dissolved substance is greater than the concentration of the dissolved substance in the solution compared. If a cell is placed in a hypertonic environment, the cell membrane works to achieve equal concentrations on each side of the membrane.Full Answer >
Baking soda, also known as sodium bicarbonate, is highly soluble in water. This means that it can easily be dissolved in water but can also be fully recovered when the water is evaporated.Full Answer >