When a person stops breathing, he becomes at risk for heart problems and possible brain injury due to the lack of oxygen in the blood, according to Healthline. Heart problems may occur if the body's blood pressure drops suddenly, resulting in decreased blood oxygen levels.Know More
There is a wide range of treatments for apnea, the medical term for stopped or slowed breathing, including surgery and weight loss. These treatments are specific to the cause of apnea, which can affect people of all ages, explains Healthline. Those causes include intracerebral hemorrhage, cardiogenic shock, a head injury, choking in people over the age of 1, seizures, pulmonary embolism, pulmonary edema, pneumothorax, meningitis and a heart attack.
There are different types of apnea, and they most commonly occur while the individual is sleeping. There are also many reasons for a person to stop breathing, especially in his sleep, notes Healthline. Breathing stops or is slowed while a person is asleep, and the condition is called sleep apnea. Sleep apnea may be the reason an individual develops chronic or loud snoring; choking or gasping while sleeping; daytime fatigue; headaches; difficulty concentrating; memory problems; dry mouth; frequent urinating at night; or sore throat upon waking.Learn more about Human Anatomy
The medulla oblongata is responsible for many of the autonomic functions of the body, including breathing, swallowing, heart rate and the proper working of blood vessels. The medulla also relays neural messages between the brain and the spinal cord. The medulla oblongata is a region of the brainstem.Full Answer >
According to Louisiana State University Medical School, negative pressure in the lungs relative to the surrounding air pressure is what causes inhalation during breathing. This is accomplished by increasing the volume of the lungs, which decreases the pressure until new air passes through the trachea to equalize it.Full Answer >
Normal values for the four basic vital signs are blood pressure 90/60 mm/Hg to 120/80 mm/Hg, pulse rate 60 to 100 beats per minute, breathing 12 to 18 breaths per minute, and temperature 97.8 to 99.1 degrees Fahrenheit. These values are for an average healthy adult at rest, reports MedlinePlus.Full Answer >
According to About.com, the pleurae are two-layered membranes lining the chest cavity and lungs that aid the functioning of the lungs during breathing. They serve as a cushion for the lungs and secrete a fluid that allows them to move easily within the chest cavity.Full Answer >