According to Sepsis Alliance, an untreated urinary tract infection can lead to a kidney infection, also referred to as pyelonephritis, if the bacteria or fungus that caused initial infection spreads to the kidneys. Left untreated, urinary tract infections also puts individuals at risk for developing sepsis, a severe infection of the bloodstream that is fatal in some cases.Know More
Mayo Clinic explains that untreated urinary tract infections can also cause permanent kidney damage and recurring infections as well as put pregnant women at risk for premature deliveries and low-birth-weight babies. Risk factors for developing urinary tract infections include urinary tract blockages, low estrogen levels due to menopause, and using a diaphragm as a form birth control.
According to MedlinePlus, symptoms of a urinary tract infection that has spread to the kidneys include high fever, chills, nausea, severe stomach pain, groin pain and back pain. Antibiotics often treat mild urinary tract infections and kidney infections successfully, but severe kidney infections may require hospital treatments, such as intravenous antibiotics or surgery. For women with mild urinary tract infections, doctors typically prescribe a three-day course of antibiotics, while men must take the medication for seven to 14 days. Treatment for mild kidney infections and complicated urinary tract infections is also a course of antibiotics for seven to 14 days.Learn more in Human Anatomy
Urinary tract infections, or UTIs, occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract via the urethra and then multiply inside the bladder or the urethra itself, according to Mayo Clinic. The short distance from the anus to the urethra makes women prone to bacteria entering the gastrointestinal tract.Full Answer >
The proximal convoluted tubules, or PCTs, are part of a system of absorption and reabsorption as well as secretion from within the kidneys. Specifically, PCTs are part of a complex system that reabsorbs most of the water and ions from the urinary space back into the body, which is a process called tubular reabsorption.Full Answer >
The primary function of the proximal convoluted tubule is to reabsorb most of the materials needed from the filtrate as it passes through the kidneys, explains HowStuffWorks. The proximal convoluted tubule reabsorbs approximately 65 percent of sodium and most of the water from the filtrate.Full Answer >
Urea is a major organic component found in human urine, which is a waste product expelled by animals after being excreted from the kidneys. Urea, also known as carbamide, is a waste product after the production of proteins from the breakdown of amino acids.Full Answer >