Fungi damage wood, crops and other resources, and can cause serious illnesses in humans. When food or other products are contaminated by fungi, the products are typically destroyed.Know More
Fungi is the cause of mold in homes and buildings. Indoor mold typically develops in areas where water is present, and can cause serious damage to homes and buildings. Mold remediation is often time-consuming and costly, and may require significant repairs to structures, particularly after floods.
Exposure to indoor mold can cause illnesses that range from mild symptoms, such as irritation of the respiratory system, but other types of fungi can cause serious disease in humans and animals. For instance, those with compromised immune systems may develop a life-threatening illness after being exposed to some types of fungi, such as Histoplasma spores.
When food crops are contaminated with fungi, the crops must be discarded to prevent disease or illness in humans and animals. Agricultural contamination can occur at any stage of production, but fungal contamination is most common when foods are improperly stored after harvest. Cheese, grains, nuts and fresh fruits and vegetables can be damaged or destroyed by fungi. Fungi can also damage lumber or paper when the material is improperly stored.Learn more about Biology
Although other similar creatures, such as amoebas, are known to cause illness, paramecia do not live inside humans and are not known to cause any diseases. Paramecia have even been observed attacking and consuming pathogens from the human body.Full Answer >
A few species of moths ingest plants that contain cardenolides, a group of poisons that affect the heart muscle and are dangerous to humans when eaten. Otherwise moths are harmless. Moths do not bite or sting, and they have many beneficial effects on the ecosystem.Full Answer >
Fungi range in size from a single-celled organism, such as yeast, to a 3.5-mile-wide mushroom located in Oregon's Malheur National Forest. This honey mushroom covers more than 2,200 acres of the forest floor and is dubbed "the humongous fungus."Full Answer >
The fungi are a kingdom in the eukaryote domain. Fungi are important decomposers in all ecosystems because they can break down a wide variety of organic matter. Lignin, a component of wood, would not get broken down without fungal decomposers, so the nutrients would not be recycled.Full Answer >