Some harmful protists include plasmodium, gregarines, haemosporidia and coccidians. Others include babesia, toxoplasma, adeleorina and some forms of amoeba. Some of these protists are parasites on invertebrates such as gastropods while others are parasites on vertebrates such as humans.Know More
Plasmodium is a protist that causes malaria. The organism is passed from one host to another either by a mosquito or, more rarely, through sharing of contaminated needles. This happens because the parasite needs to spend part of its life cycle inside the mosquito and part of its life cycle inside a vertebrate. The sickness is caused because the organism invades the host's red blood cells and deforms them. This is why sickle cell anemia, where the red blood cells are already deformed, offers some protection against malaria.
Coccidians and gregarines live in the guts of their hosts, but coccidians parasitize vertebrates, while gregarines are found in mollusks and types of arthropods. Both of these protists also have complex life cycles that require a host to complete. Coccidians cause diseases such as cryptosporidiosis and cyclosporiasis.
The entamoeba histolytica is responsible for amoebic dysentery. They also live in the gut and destroy the bacteria that live there. This causes symptoms such as constipation that alternates with bloody, watery diarrhea, flatulence and abdominal cramps.Learn more about Biology
The types of protists, which are eukaryotes, that aren't animals, fungi or plants include euglenoza, alevolates, stramenopiles, red algae, slime molds and choanoflagellates. The alevolate group includes ciliates, sporozoans and dinoflagellates. The stramenopile group includes diatoms, golden algae, green algae and water molds.Full Answer >
Protists live in lakes, rivers, oceans, ponds and wet sediments. Since they are microscopic organisms, they can live in just about any part of the world that has traces of water to support their life.Full Answer >
Locomotion in the protist kingdom is varied and extremely versatile. Amoebas use cytoplasmic processes called pseudopods, while paramecia have rows of cilia that move in unison like tiny oars. Euglena and dinoflagellates use whip-like proteins called flagella to swim, and some protozoa, such as diatoms and plasmodium (the organism that causes malaria), are non-motile, meaning they do not move independently.Full Answer >
The roles of protists include producing and using energy, recycling living systems into constituent nutrients, acting as biological control agents, synthesizing oxygen, and engaging in symbiotic relationships. Protists have commercial roles in the pharmacological, agricultural and biomedical research industries.Full Answer >