Some harmful protists include plasmodium, gregarines, haemosporidia and coccidians. Others include babesia, toxoplasma, adeleorina and some forms of amoeba. Some of these protists are parasites on invertebrates such as gastropods while others are parasites on vertebrates such as humans.Know More
Plasmodium is a protist that causes malaria. The organism is passed from one host to another either by a mosquito or, more rarely, through sharing of contaminated needles. This happens because the parasite needs to spend part of its life cycle inside the mosquito and part of its life cycle inside a vertebrate. The sickness is caused because the organism invades the host's red blood cells and deforms them. This is why sickle cell anemia, where the red blood cells are already deformed, offers some protection against malaria.
Coccidians and gregarines live in the guts of their hosts, but coccidians parasitize vertebrates, while gregarines are found in mollusks and types of arthropods. Both of these protists also have complex life cycles that require a host to complete. Coccidians cause diseases such as cryptosporidiosis and cyclosporiasis.
The entamoeba histolytica is responsible for amoebic dysentery. They also live in the gut and destroy the bacteria that live there. This causes symptoms such as constipation that alternates with bloody, watery diarrhea, flatulence and abdominal cramps.Learn more about Biology
If they carry the parasite lungworm or have consumed slug bait, then land slugs can be harmful to dogs. Sea slugs, which are found in areas like New Zealand, contain the neurotoxin tetrodotoxin, which can also be toxic to dogs.
A few species of moths ingest plants that contain cardenolides, a group of poisons that affect the heart muscle and are dangerous to humans when eaten. Otherwise moths are harmless. Moths do not bite or sting, and they have many beneficial effects on the ecosystem.Full Answer >
Some protists produce their own food through photosynthesis, while others obtain energy by consuming particles of organic substances, viruses and bacteria. Some protists have the unique ability to obtain nutrition using both processes; when sunlight is plentiful, they use the autotrophic method of nutrient acquisition (photosynthesis) and feed off organic materials in dark or low light conditions.Full Answer >
Plant-like protists, which are also called green algae, resemble plants in having a cell wall, chlorophyll and the ability to carry out photosynthesis. They are a diverse group of four phyla, but all live in water and have similar mechanisms for movement and reproduction.Full Answer >