Heat energy is determined by how active the atoms or molecules are in a substance. The atoms and molecules in a hot substance move rapidly and seem excited while the molecules and atoms in a cool substance show less movement.Know More
Heat energy also causes a substance to expand because the molecules need more space to move around in, and this is called thermal expansion. When a substance is cooled down, it will contract and be smaller than its original size. Linear expansion is the term use for rods or railway tracks where they will expand and become longer as they get warmer. Area expansion can be found in objects, such as engine pistons and the object becomes larger. Volume expansion can be seen in liquids as they become warmer.
Heat energy can transfer between objects. Conduction, convection and radiation are all terms use in heat transfer. Conduction is the action of heat transferring through solids, convection is the action of heat transferring through liquids and gasses, and radiation is heat transferred through visible and infrared light, such as that transferred by the sun.
Thermal equilibrium happens when a cool substance and a warm substance meet. The hot molecules loose energy to the cold molecules and they go back to having an energy level around the level they both started off at. Racecar drivers often leave their cars idling when cooling it down in order for all of the engine parts to reach thermal equilibrium.Learn more about Physics
Atomic bombs work by splitting atoms, while hydrogen bombs, also known as nuclear bombs, draw their energy from fusing atoms together. While both types of reactions involve the nucleus of the atom, and both can therefore rightly be called "nuclear," tradition has reserved the word for the types of reactions that are exclusive to fusion devices.Full Answer >
There are many physics jokes, such as the atoms and electron anecdote. Two atoms bump into each other. One says, "I have lost an electron!" The other asks, "Are you sure?" The first replies, "Yes, I'm positive."Full Answer >
Nuclear power stations generate electricity through the fission, or splitting, of uranium atoms inside the reactor core, which generates extreme amounts of heat. The core is surrounded with water, which boils due to the heat, creating steam that is then used to drive a turbine to create electricity.Full Answer >
Rutherford's scattering experiment showed that atoms consist mostly of empty space, with a positively charged nucleus at the center. His experiments provided the first working model of atomic structure based on observation. Rutherford’s atom has a planetary structure, with negatively charged electrons orbiting around a positively charged nucleus and a large amount of empty space between the two.Full Answer >