Hot air rises because when a substance is hot, its molecules are farther apart, which makes the hot air less dense and, therefore, lighter than cooler air. Air is generally warmer nearer the surface of the Earth because of the sun's radiating heat. When hot air rises, it starts to get cooler and eventually it sinks back down to the surface.Know More
Heat itself does not rise, but hot air does. The cycle of rising hot air and cool sinking air is what creates many weather phenomenon, such as tornadoes and hurricanes as well as everyday thunderstorms and breezes. With global warming, the warmer seas and ground will cause this cycle to become exacerbated. There is a good chance that in the future, stronger winds, thunderstorms, tornadoes and hurricanes will become stronger and more frequent.
When the hot air rises, it creates thermals which are pockets rising upward. During the mornings, these thermals do not rise very high before cooling as the air is cooler after a night without radiating heat. Later in the day, the air near the ground gets warmer throughout the day and if the thermal rises high enough, some of the water vapor in the thermal builds up and forms into a cloud.Learn more about Thermodynamics
Specific heat capacity is a measure of how much energy must be added to a specific amount of a substance in order to raise its temperature by a single degree. While the units of specific heat capacity can be freely converted as needed, the most common units are joules per gram per degree Celsius, written as J/g*C.Full Answer >
Specific heat capacity is the amount of heat required to rise the temperature of 1 gram of a substance by 1 degree Celsius. Heat capacity is the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of a substance by 1 degree Celsius.Full Answer >
Hot-air balloons work based on the principle that hot air is lighter than cool air. By using a propane burner that heats the air inside the balloon, the air inside the envelope, or the top part of the balloon, becomes lighter than the surrounding air, causing the balloon to rise.Full Answer >
Hot air rises and cold air falls because cold air molecules are densely packed together, making them heavier, and hot air molecules have more space between them, making them warm enough to rise. It is for this reason that hot air balloons move upwards. In addition to temperature affecting air density, humidity plays a role.Full Answer >