Q:

What are some household alkalis?

A:

Quick Answer

Common household alkalis include indigestion tablets (antacids), bleach, toothpaste, baking powder, cream cleaner, oven cleaner, metal polish and alkaline batteries. They can have moderate to severe levels of toxicity.

Know More
What are some household alkalis?
Credit: Mike Kemp Getty Images

Full Answer

Alkalis react with acids and neutralize them. For example, indigestion tablets neutralize excess stomach acid. Alkalis such as bleach, oven cleaner and cream cleaner are stronger, corrosive and can damage the proteins that build hair and grease. Baking powder contains both an alkali and acid. When mixed in a solution, the ingredients react and produce carbon dioxide gas bubbles, which expand and make the baking mix rise.

Alkaline products usually have little odor or taste, increasing the likelihood of large ingestions occurring and causing more harm. In contrast, acids cause immediate, sharp pain, so only negligible quantities may be ingested. Ingesting large quantities of alkalis may cause symptoms such as serious injury to the skin, eyes, respiratory system and gastrointestinal tract. Other symptoms may include drooling, difficulty swallowing, squinting of eyes, difficulty breathing, pawing at the mouth, vomiting, abdominal pain and redness in the exposed area.

Pets that ingest alkalis may exhibit symptoms like severe caustic or corrosive injury (depending on how concentrated the alkali is) and mild tissue irritation.

Treatment for alkali ingestion includes fluid therapy, decontamination (flushing of the exposed area), symptomatic supportive care and anti-ulcer medication. Severe poisoning can cause severe tissue injury or perforation/rupture of the intestine. Immediate medical attention is required.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    What is the difference between alkaline and heavy-duty batteries?

    A:

    The primary difference between heavy-duty batteries and alkaline batteries is the electrolyte they use to produce electricity. Heavy-duty batteries use zinc chloride as the electrolyte, while alkaline batteries use potassium hydroxide, an alkaline, as the electrolyte. A heavy-duty battery uses the outside zinc case as the anode, while an alkaline battery uses the zinc contained in a gel inside a steel case.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are some common household acids and bases?

    A:

    Acids can be anything tart, such as lemons or lemon juice, vinegar and wine, while bases are anything that is bitter, including coffee, baking soda and soap. The acids and bases found commonly around the house are abundant.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What household items contain hydrochloric acid?

    A:

    Some toilet bowl cleaners contain hydrochloric acid, such as Lysol Brand Toilet Bowl Cleaner, Sno Drops Toilet Bowl Cleaner and Lime-A-Way Toilet Bowl Cleaner. Lysol Toilet Bowl Cleaner contains 9.5 percent hydrochloric acid, Sno Drops Toilet Bowl Cleaner contains 15 percent hydrochloric acid and Lime-A-Way Toilet Bowl Cleaner contains 14.5 percent hydrochloric acid.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How do antacids neutralize acids?

    A:

    Antacids are bases, also known as alkalis, that react with acids to produce relatively neutral solutions of water and salt. According to the National Library of Medicine, antacids in the form of tablets and liquids are used to treat acid reflux by neutralizing excess stomach acid.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore