Light is necessary for the survival of life on Earth, as almost all energy used by life is derived from the sun. Plants and algae use light energy in photosynthesis, which provides usable chemical energy for heterotrophic organisms. In addition, without light, the Earth would be completely cold and dark, as even the moon gets its glow from reflecting the sun.Know More
Light is also used by many organisms in the sense of sight. While the most significant source of light is the sun, other sources of light, such as fire and electric lighting, are useful to human civilization. Some organisms are capable of producing their own light, or bioluminescence, through chemical means. Examples include the firefly, the railroad worm and the vampire squid. Remarkably, however, bioluminescence produces little heat.
All light is electromagnetic radiation. Visible light is usually between 400 and 700 nanometers in wavelength. Infrared light is characterized by wavelengths longer than those of visible light, while ultraviolet light is typified by wavelengths that are shorter. Wavelength is determined by frequency, where higher frequencies result in shorter wavelengths and lower frequencies in longer ones. The speed of light is considered a constant of the universe at approximately 186,000 miles per second. Photons are the individual unit of light and have properties similar to both waves and particles.Learn more about Our Sun
According to Universe Today, the surface gravity of the sun is 27.94 g, about 27.9 times stronger than the surface gravity of the Earth. The more mass an object has, the larger its gravitational pull. Since the sun is such a huge mass that makes up 99.86% of the mass of the Solar System and has a mass over 330,000 times that of Earth, it has a lot of gravity.Full Answer >
The sun appears to set when it vanishes over the western horizon as the Earth rotates away from the sun. Depending on the Earth's tilt at a particular time of year, the sun sets either slightly north or south of due west.Full Answer >
If it were possible to drive from the Earth to the sun, the amount of time required for the journey is slightly more than 1.55 million hours at a rate of 60 mph. That is approximately 64,597 days or about 177 years.Full Answer >
No one human can be attributed to discovering the sun, as it has existed longer than humans and is readily visible to the naked eye. However, many of the features of the sun were discovered by the Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei in the late 16th and early 17th centuries.Full Answer >