Humidity sensors work by detecting changes that alter electrical currents or temperature in the air, according to Sensors Online. There are three basic types of humidity sensors: capacitive, resistive and thermal. All three types of sensors monitor minute changes in the atmosphere in order to calculate the humidity in the air.Know More
A capacitive humidity sensor measures relative humidity by placing a thin strip of metal oxide between two electrodes. The metal oxide's electrical capacity changes with the atmosphere's relative humidity. These types of sensors are used for weather, commercial and industrial applications.
Resistive humidity sensors utilize ions in salts to measure the electrical impedance of atoms. As humidity changes, so does the resistance of the electrodes on either side of the salt medium. State-of-the-art resistive humidity sensors use ceramics to overcome areas where condensation occurs.
Thermal conductivity sensors measure changes in heat to detect humidity. Two thermal sensors conduct electricity based upon the humidity of the surrounding air. One sensor is encased in dry nitrogen as a comparison to the other sensor which measures the ambient air. The difference between the two measures the humidity.
The reason these detection methods work is that humidity changes with air temperature, according to Tech-FAQ. Humidity sensors are vital to weather stations, industrial processes and HVAC systems.Learn more about Weather & Tides
The instrument used to measure humidity is known as a hygrometer. Hygrometers may be used to measure the relative humidity or absolute humidity in the air.Full Answer >
High humidity is generally regarded as the dew point temperature being at or only a few degrees below the measured air temperature. Dew point is the temperature at which water vapor condenses on surfaces, such as when morning dew condenses on grass.Full Answer >
Higher temperatures make higher levels of humidity possible. This is because warm air is capable of holding more moisture than cold air. Warm air has a stronger bond to water molecules, making the air feel drier and allowing more water to bond with air.Full Answer >
A humidity level of about 45 percent is considered comfortable outdoors. Levels of humidity can vary from place to place. Humidity levels change according to seasons. Winters are dry and humidity is high in the summer.Full Answer >