The National Osteoporosis Foundation explains that people with osteoporosis often break bones in the upper spine, causing a hunchback. Changes in posture are called kyphosis, and some people who suffer from kyphosis suffer from constant pain, because the muscles, ligaments and tendons of the back become stretched and strained and the spine becomes more curved, according to The National Osteoporosis Foundation.Know More
Also known as hunchback or round back, kyphosis is a condition wherein the spine in the upper back has too much curvature, Healthline explains. The spine’s thoracic region (i.e. upper back) normally has a slight natural curve, and the natural curve of the spine helps absorb shock and support the head’s weight, according to Healthline. Healthline explains that kyphosis occurs when the spine’s natural arch is bigger than normal, and people with kyphosis have a visible hump on their upper back, which often appears round or protruding from the side. Additionally, those with hunchback look like they are slouching. Due to the extra pressure kyphosis brings on the spine, it often causes pain in the back. Moreover, it causes breathing difficulties because of the pressure it puts on the lungs, according to Healthline.
Jason C. Eck explains on MedicineNet that the typical symptoms of an abnormal kyphosis include poor posture with a hunchback, stiffness, muscle fatigue and back pain. Most of the time, these symptoms are constant and do not worsen over time. However, in severe cases, the kyphosis becomes progressively worse and causes a more exaggerated hunchback, according to MedicineNet.Learn more about Bones
The seven bones of the cervical spine that make up the human neck are known as C1 through C7 from top to bottom, according to Healthline. The vertebra closest to the skull, or C1, is known as the atlas, and the vertebra directly below the atlas is called the axis.Full Answer >
Some examples of a gliding joint are the joints located in the wrists, ankles and spine. Gliding joints, also called plane joints, connect two bone plates that glide past or against each other to facilitate movement. A hand waving from side-to-side is one example of the use of gliding joints.Full Answer >
The human spinal column has seven vertebrae that together are known as the cervical spine. Starting at the base of the skull and moving down, the vertebrae are labeled as C1 through C7, with the C standing for cervical.Full Answer >
According to WebMD, listhesis or spondylolisthesis is a slipping of the back bone or vertebra, usually occurring at the base of the spine. It is a fracture or defect of one or both of the wing-shaped bones of the vertebrae, resulting in it slipping backward, forward or over a lower bone.Full Answer >