Q:

How is hydrochloric acid produced?

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Quick Answer

In the United States, hydrochloric acid is produced via four main processes: the synthesis of chlorine and hydrogen, the chlorination of organic substances, the salt-sulfuric acid production method and the manufacture of silica that yields hydrochloric acid as a co-product. The formation of hydrochloric acid, with the chemical formula HCl, occurs when hydrogen chloride gas is dissolved in water.

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Full Answer

HCl, commonly known by its industrial name as muriatic acid, is categorized as a strong acid. In the U.S., the production of HCl is primarily derived from the addition of chlorine to organic compounds. Some of the various applications of HCl include pickling steel, acidizing oil wells, refining ores and processing food.

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    What is the pH of hydrochloric acid?

    A:

    The pH of hydrochloric acid is 0, which means that it has the highest degree of acidity on the pH scale. Hydrochloric acid is a clear and highly corrosive solution of hydrogen chloride in water. In addition to its many industrial uses, hydrochloric acid is also found naturally in the digestive system in the form of gastric acid.

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  • Q:

    What is the pH level of hydrochloric acid?

    A:

    The pH of hydrochloric acid is 0. This reading is taken from a solution of 1 mole of hydrochloric acid. A less concentrated solution of the acid, such as a 0.5-mole solution, has a higher pH, meaning it would be less acidic.

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    What household items contain hydrochloric acid?

    A:

    Some toilet bowl cleaners contain hydrochloric acid, such as Lysol Brand Toilet Bowl Cleaner, Sno Drops Toilet Bowl Cleaner and Lime-A-Way Toilet Bowl Cleaner. Lysol Toilet Bowl Cleaner contains 9.5 percent hydrochloric acid, Sno Drops Toilet Bowl Cleaner contains 15 percent hydrochloric acid and Lime-A-Way Toilet Bowl Cleaner contains 14.5 percent hydrochloric acid.

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    Where does lactic acid come from?

    A:

    Lactic acid is produced by the breakdown of carbohydrates in muscle tissue and red blood cells. It is used by the body during periods when oxygen levels are low.

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