Q:

What is the importance of Galileo's discoveries?

A:

Quick Answer

Galileo Galilei, more commonly known simply as Galileo, was an Italian scientist and astronomer active during the late 1500s and early 1600s whose pioneering observations and studies have been credited as the birth of modern physics and astronomy. He was a supporter of the Copernican theory that the sun resides at the center of the Solar System and that the Earth rotates around it.

Know More

Full Answer

In 1609, having developed telescopes based on the designs by Dutch eyeglass makers, Galileo decided to point a telescope towards the sky in the hope of learning more about the universe. Despite controversy and ridicule from the Catholic Church, Galileo openly supported the Copernican theory that the Earth rotates around the Sun.

Throughout the 1600s, Galileo published several works based on his discoveries that refuted several Aristotelian explanations. More importantly, despite being a devout Catholic, Galileo's works refuted and challenged biblical claims. The Copernican theory that he supported was officially declared heresy by the Catholic Church in 1616, and Galileo was ordered not to hold, teach or defend the theory in any manner. As a devout Catholic, he honored these orders for a time. His discoveries and the overwhelming amount of evidence he was able to gather earned him the moniker "the father of modern science," and his findings were so compelling that in 1758, the church lifted their ban on work that supported Copernican theory.

Learn More
Sources:

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What made Galileo famous?

    A:

    Galileo Galilei was an astronomer who made a number of vital contributions to scientific advancement during his lifetime, but he is most famous for his advocacy of the heliocentric model of the solar system. The Catholic Church forced him to recant his belief and imprisoned him for life.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is Galileo's full name?

    A:

    Galileo's full name is Galileo Galilei. He was an Italian mathematician who is well known for his significant work in laying the foundation for modern physics and astronomy.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What was an accomplishment of Galileo Galilei?

    A:

    Galileo Galilei was a highly prolific thinker and inventor who lived during the 16th and 17th centuries. He made several important contributions to the fields of philosophy, astronomy, physics, mathematics and cosmology. One of his accomplishments was discovering Jupiter's four largest moons through his improved telescope.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What did Galileo do?

    A:

    Galileo Galilei was a famous Italian astronomer, engineer, physicist, philosopher and mathematician who lived between 1564 and 1642. He advocated many advances in science and astronomy and played a key role in the Scientific Revolution. Later in life he was sentenced to house arrest by the Holy Office and wrote one of his best works "Discourses and Mathematical Demonstrations Relating to Two New Sciences."

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore