Geology is the study of earth, the materials of which it is made, the structure of those materials and the effects of the natural forces acting upon them and is important to civil engineering because all work performed by civil engineers involves earth and its features. Fundamental understanding of geology is so important that it is a requirement in university-level civil engineering programs.Know More
Civil engineering is the branch of engineering that deals with the design, construction and maintenance of roads, bridges, large buildings, airports, ports, subways, dams, mines and other large-scale developments. It is one of the oldest branches of engineering. Many of the world's great monuments, including the pyramids, the structures of ancient Greece and Rome and the modern steel and glass skyscrapers found around the world, are the result of the successful marriage of civil engineering and geology.
For a civil engineering project to be successful, the engineers must understand the land upon which the project rests. Geologists study the land to determine whether it is stable enough to support the proposed project. They also study water patterns to determine if a particular site is prone to flooding. Some civil engineers use geologists to examine rocks for important metals, oil, natural gas and ground water.Learn more about Geology
There are three basic rock types that make up the geology of the Earth. They are igneous rocks, sedimentary rocks and metamorphic rocks. The rock type is defined by the way the rocks were created.Full Answer >
The study of rocks is known as geology. Scientists who study rocks are known as geologists. There are several subdivisions of geology, with different designations for researchers who study the individual disciplines.Full Answer >
Exfoliation geology is a type of rock weathering where the rock's layers peel off in whole sheets instead of grain by grain. Large-scale exfoliation occurs due to the mechanics of gravity on a curved surface, while small-scale exfoliation is due to chemical weathering.Full Answer >
In geology, uplift refers to a considerable vertical movement of the Earth's crust and is one of the primary factors in the formation of mountains and other prominent landscape features. Some of the more spectacular examples of uplifts in the Earth's crust are the results of tectonic plate interactions that are involved in the process called orogenesis. Major mountain ranges, such as the Alps, were produced by the orogenic uplift resulting from a collision of one continental plate with another.Full Answer >