Geology is the study of earth, the materials of which it is made, the structure of those materials and the effects of the natural forces acting upon them and is important to civil engineering because all work performed by civil engineers involves earth and its features. Fundamental understanding of geology is so important that it is a requirement in university-level civil engineering programs.Know More
Civil engineering is the branch of engineering that deals with the design, construction and maintenance of roads, bridges, large buildings, airports, ports, subways, dams, mines and other large-scale developments. It is one of the oldest branches of engineering. Many of the world's great monuments, including the pyramids, the structures of ancient Greece and Rome and the modern steel and glass skyscrapers found around the world, are the result of the successful marriage of civil engineering and geology.
For a civil engineering project to be successful, the engineers must understand the land upon which the project rests. Geologists study the land to determine whether it is stable enough to support the proposed project. They also study water patterns to determine if a particular site is prone to flooding. Some civil engineers use geologists to examine rocks for important metals, oil, natural gas and ground water.Learn more about Geology
In geology, polymorphs occur when two compounds of the same composition have different crystalline structures. An example of a polymorph is quartz that is subjected to high temperatures, transforming to trydimite and then crystobalite. Trydimite and crystobalite are considered polymorphs of quartz.Full Answer >
The study of rocks is known as geology. Scientists who study rocks are known as geologists. There are several subdivisions of geology, with different designations for researchers who study the individual disciplines.Full Answer >
In geology, transgression is the process of a coastline migrating inland due to a rising sea level. Regression, in contrast, occurs when a coastline moves oceanward as a sea level falls.Full Answer >
Isthmuses, which are narrow strips of land connecting two land masses and separating two bodies of water, are formed in various ways, depending on the geology of the areas in which they occur. These geological changes to form isthmuses may involve the movement of tectonic plates, the drowning of landmass due to fault structures, volcanic activity, and the movement of waves and tides.Full Answer >