Inorganic compounds are those that lack long carbon chains at their core. While some inorganic compounds contain carbon, they do not contain carbon that is bonded to hydrogen. Inorganic compounds include substances such as salt, carbon dioxide and water.
Organic compounds are typically associated with living organisms, while inorganic compounds are not usually important constituents of living bodies. Nevertheless, inorganic compounds are important chemicals for many organisms. For example, all living organisms require copious amounts of water and salt in small quantities. Carbon dioxide is a waste product of animals, but green plants require carbon dioxide to complete photosynthesis.
Part of the reason that organic molecules are involved in living systems is that they are often complex. Because inorganic molecules do not frequently become large or complex, there are not as many possibilities for using them as the building blocks of complicated systems. Organic molecules usually take the form of a large chain of molecules, with a core composed purely of carbon. Inorganic molecules do not have such long carbon chains.
The presence of carbon does not necessarily indicate that a molecule is organic. For example, carbides, carbonates, cyanides and a few other carbon-containing chemicals lack the long carbon chains and carbon-hydrogen bonds that characterize organic molecules.Learn More
Ethane is a molecule made up of two carbon atoms joined in a single bond. Each carbon atom is bonded to three hydrogen atoms. Ethene is made of two carbon atoms joined in a double bond. Each carbon atom is joined to two hydrogen atoms. Ethyne is made of two carbon atoms joined in a triple bond. Each carbon atom is joined in a single bond to a hydrogen atom.Full Answer >
Water is not an organic compound. An organic compound must contain one or more carbon atoms covalently bonded to atoms of other elements, such as hydrogen, oxygen, or nitrogen. Water only contains hydrogen and oxygen.Full Answer >
The molecular formula for calcium chloride is CaCl2. It is a salt that is a chemical compound of the elements calcium and chlorine. At room temperature, CACl2 is a white-colored solid. It has an extremely high boiling point of 1,935 degrees Celsius.Full Answer >
Diazotization reactions are important intermediate steps in the preparation of organic halides. They are also done in the Sandmeyer and Schiemann reactions, used in the preparation of organic amino groups.Full Answer >