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# Which instruments are used to measure length?

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There are many instruments used to measure length including rulers, tape measures, micrometers, gauges and vernier calipers. There are also instruments that make use of scientific principles to deduce length where it may not be directly measured. Measuring lengths accurately has been a driving force behind much of human civilization.

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Measuring the length of waves of light, sound, X-rays and radio waves is accomplished by analyzing the composition of the waves using scientific techniques that can be incorporated into the design of instruments. Measuring distances in outer space requires instruments that make use of radar, parallax, cepheids, supernovae, red-shift and Hubble's Law. In 225 B.C., Eratosthenes was the first person to accurately measure the circumference of the Earth. He did this by comparing the lengths of shadows in two different cities on the summer solstice and applying geometric principles.

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## Related Questions

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A 1/32 tape measure can be read by counting how many marks short of a full inch a given length is. For example, if a given length is 8 marks on a 1/32 tape measure, it would be 8/32 inches, which can be reduced to 1/4 inch.

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A metric ruler is used to measure the length, height and width of an object or the distance between two points, objects or places. Depending on the length of the metric ruler, it can be divided into millimeters, centimeters, decimeters or meters.