One interesting fact about meteorology is that it was founded by the Greeks in the 7th century BC. The Times of London printed the first daily weather forecast on Aug. 1, 1861 by Admiral Robert Fitzroy. Nicholas of Cusa was a German inventor who created the first weather instrument in the 15th century. "Twister," "The Day After Tomorrow" and "The Perfect Storm" are movies based on meteorology.
Thales of Miletus hypothesized that weather was caused by the movement of the stars and planets. Aristotle founded the science of meteorology in 340 BC, when he published "Meteorological." His original findings explained that weather was caused by the intermingling of earth, air, fire and water. Aristotle was the first to deduce that heat caused water to evaporate.
Fitzroy predicted sea storms, but London citizens criticized him, which is why his daily forecasts in The Times ended in 1866. Nicolas of Cusa invented a tool that measured condensation by hanging wool that became heavier with water.
The movie "Twister" is about storm chasers who create an advanced tornado tracking system. "The Day After Tomorrow" is about a paleoclimatologist who travels across America to reach his son as an Ice Age is brought on by a huge storm. "The Perfect Storm" follows the lives of fishermen who get caught in a dangerous storm while at sea.Learn More
Halley's comet travels faster as it approaches the sun, achieving speeds of approximately 40 miles per second. The velocity of the comet varies greatly due to its elliptical orbit.Full Answer >
Most meteors that enter the Earth's atmosphere are pieces of asteroids from the asteroid belt. The meteors were formed more than 4 billion years ago during what is thought to be the early stages of the solar system.Full Answer >
Most meteorioids begin as small fragments of asteroids that have either shed material or lost mass due to impacts. Other meteoroids can be shed by comets or ejected from planets and moons that have been hit hard enough to accelerate debris into space.Full Answer >
Meteors are mostly made up of rock and iron, and they come from either asteroids or comets. When fragments of an asteroid or a comet break off, they are called meteoroids while they travel through space. When a meteoroid enters the Earth's atmosphere, it becomes a meteor.Full Answer >