Q:

How does an ionic bond form?

A:

Quick Answer

An ionic bond forms between two ions of opposite charges. In ionic bonding, electrons transfer from one atom to another. The elements take on either a negative or positive charge.

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Ions are another name for charged atoms. Some elements are electropositive, and some are electronegative. Electropositive elements such as metals like to give up electrons, thus taking on a positive charge. Electronegative elements such as chlorine attract electrons, so they become negative. When electropositive and electronegative atoms meet and exchange ions, they take on opposite charges. Because positive and negative charges attract, these charged atoms become attracted to one another. This attraction forms an ionic bond that keeps the ions together.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    When do the most ionic bonds form in elements?

    A:

    The larger the difference in electronegativity between two atoms, the more ionic the bond. This is because more electronegative elements (fluorine, for example) are more easily able to take and retain electrons in ionic reactions.

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  • Q:

    Is NaCl ionic or covalent?

    A:

    NaCl is an ionic compound. As an ionic compound, it possesses a crystal-lattice structure with countless ions of opposite charge that are electrically bound to each other. Ionic bonding consists of one elemental ion donating an electron to another ion that lost an electron, and binding together as a result.

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    What is ionic bonding?

    A:

    An ionic bond is a type of chemical bond established between two atoms by the transfer of the valence electrons from one atom to another. This type of bond is also known as electrovalent or polar bond. Salts are a good example of substances made with ionic bonding.

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    What are ionic bonds?

    A:

    A bond between two charged ions with different charges is called an ionic bond. Most cases of ionic bonds are between a positive metal atom and a negative nonmetal ion. It is also possible for two complex molecular ions to form an ionic bond with each other.

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