According to Biography, Isaac Newton's full name was Isaac Newton. He was born on Jan. 4, 1643, in Woolsthorpe, England, to Isaac Newton Sr. and Hannah Ayscough Newton.
As Biography Shelf explains, Isaac Newton was a passionate alchemist, chemist, theologian, mathematician, physicist and astronomer. His theories regarding light and sound along with his explanations of gravity earned him international fame, and he created the field of calculus and changed worldviews about geometry. During his latter years, he became a member of parliament, but he wasn't active. His work and life achievements earned him the honor of being knighted in Britain.