Isopropyl alcohol, like all alcohols, is polar. It is polar because one of the properties of alcohol is hydroxyl, which forms hydrogen bonds and dissolves water molecules. Hydroxyl groups make electrons spend more time near the electronegative oxygen atom of the compound, so any compound with hydroxyl groups is polar.Know More
Isopropyl alcohol has a molecular formula of C3H8O. Because it is a polar compound, it can be used to dissolve a number of non-polar substances.
According to Ron Kurtis' School of Champions, an educational resource, polarity is the separation of electric charge in molecules that leads the molecules to have specific dipole or multipole movement. The polarity of a molecule is dependent on the difference in electronegativity between the atoms in the molecule. For polar substances like alcohol, the polarity is based on the chemical structure of the molecule.
Isopropyl alcohol contains hydroxyl groups, which are chemical groups formed by an oxygen atom with a covalent bond to a hydrogen atom. These groups can form hydrogen bonds with water molecules, which are also polar molecules. The structure of hydroxyl groups makes the electrons in the molecule spend more time near the oxygen atom, rather than the carbon or hydrogen atoms. The oxygen atom is electronegative. This collecting of electrons near the oxygen atom is what makes the compound polar.Learn more about Atoms & Molecules
Isopropyl alcohol, also known as rubbing alcohol, expires no sooner than two years after opening when properly stored. Proper storage includes a secure, dry container in a cool, well-ventilated area.Full Answer >
BrF5 or bromine pentafluoride is a polar molecule. The molecular geometry of BrF5 is square pyramidal with an asymmetric charge distribution. The molecule has a central bromine atom that is surrounded by five fluorides and a lone pair of electrons.Full Answer >
COCl2 is a polar molecule because the dipole between the carbon and the chlorine atoms is not equal to the dipole between the carbon and oxygen atoms. Molecules are only non-polar if they contain no polar bonds or if the partial charges cancel out each other.Full Answer >
Hydrogen chloride is a polar molecule because it contains a polar, covalent bond between hydrogen and chlorine. This gives the hydrogen a partial positive charge and the chlorine a partial negative charge.Full Answer >