Jet streams, which are rapidly moving ribbons of air 6 to 9 miles above the Earth, influence the weather by separating warm and cold air and pushing weather systems around the globe. The movement of a jet stream affects temperatures and precipitation. Meteorologists describe jet streams as resembling rivers in their flow.Know More
The average jet stream is a band of wind traveling between 120 and 250 miles per hour. Each jet stream is up to several hundred miles wide and thousands of miles long.
Each winter, the polar jet stream moves south and grows stronger as the North Pole grows colder. Each winter, the polar jet stream reaches the United States, influencing weather in much of the country.
Those hiking Mount Everest, the world's tallest mountain, sometimes encounter the jet stream in the form of powerful, icy winds. These winds are sometimes so high and cold that they are forced to remain in their tents until they subside.
The subtropical jet stream near the southeastern portion of the U.S. also moves and shifts throughout the year. It tends to have the most dramatic impact when there is an El Niño weather event in effect. During these times, it creates wetter and colder conditions in Florida and Georgia in particular.Learn more about Weather Seasons
The elements that make up weather are temperature, humidity, precipitation, visibility, wind and atmospheric pressure. Weather describes the behavior of the atmosphere and what effect it is expected to have on the population.Full Answer >
Monsoons occur because of seasonal shifts in wind patterns; they create wet and dry seasons in areas where prevailing winds change throughout the course of the year, creating stagnant wind and weather patterns. Monsoons, like other weather patterns, draw influence from temperature and atmospheric conditions. Their formation takes long periods of time, as monsoons gradually accrue moisture and density, developing large clouds that produce large volumes of rainfall.Full Answer >
A climate zone is a classification of the type of weather that is experienced in a specific geographic region of the world. Climate zones are differentiated based on average temperatures and the amount of precipitation that occurs in an area.Full Answer >
The weather during the season of spring varies depending on location, but it is usually marked by an increase in temperature and rain. In areas that receive snow during winter, the snow begins to melt. This can lead to flooding of waterways.Full Answer >