Unbalanced forces that have a net force in a certain direction are what lead to changes in motion. When multiple forces act on a body, the resultant force, calculated as the vectorial sum of the individual forces, determines whether the body moves or not.
When this resultant force is equal to zero, the individual forces that contribute to this resultant force are balanced, and no motion results. If the resultant force equals any quantity other than zero, the forces that contribute to the resultant are unbalanced, and the body moves. Bodies being acted upon by balanced forces are said to be in equilibrium.
To measure the total forces acting on a body and determine resulting movements, free-body diagrams are constructed depicting the magnitude and direction of each force. Reaction forces resulting from the contact of the body with another body must be taken into account. A simple free-body diagram of an upright person shows the person's weight as a downward force and the upward reaction from the floor as an equal and opposite force. The person is in equilibrium because these two forces balance out. The reaction force from quicksand does not balance out with the weight of a person sinking in it, causing net downward motion.Learn More
Force and motion are related because exerting force on an object causes a change in motion. An example would be kicking a ball to propel it forward. Two examples of natural forces are gravity and magnetism.Full Answer >
Unbalanced force occurs when two forces acting on an object are not equal in size, causing a change in motion. Unbalanced forces cause a still object to move or moving objects to slow down or speed up, stop or change direction.Full Answer >
Friction is a resistive, physical-contact force that impedes motion. It occurs as a result of microscopically uneven surfaces, which are present even when the surfaces appear smooth to the human eye. If surfaces were perfectly smooth and in a vacuum, friction would not exist.Full Answer >
The force of gravity between two objects will decrease as the distance between them increases. The two most important factors affecting the gravitational force between two objects are their mass and the distance between their centers. As mass increases, so does the force of gravity, but an increase in distance reflects an inverse proportionality, which causes that force to decrease exponentially.Full Answer >