Q:

What kind of organic molecule is an enzyme?

A:

Enzymes are organic molecular proteins composed of amino acids. At any point in time, when work is taking place within a cell, it is being accomplished by the enzymes. Their purpose is to facilitate swift chemical reactions that allow the cell to break things down or assemble things as necessary. These processes are what allow a cell to grow and reproduce.

When enzymes are formed, somewhere between 100 and 1,000 amino acids string together in a unique and specific order. This chain then takes on a unique shape which permits the enzyme to host particular chemical reactions. Each enzyme serves as a highly efficient catalyst for that specific reaction.

One example involves maltose. This sugar is made when a pair of glucose molecules bond together. The related enzyme, maltase, has a specific shape that allows it to undo the bond, freeing the two pieces of glucose. While the only purpose of maltase is to break up maltose molecules, maltase enables cells to do this efficiently and quickly. Other enzymes have other functions that they facilitate, but one thing that they have in common is that they either assemble molecules or break them into pieces, and there are specific enzymes for all of the chemical reactions that cells need to function properly.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    What is an organic molecule?

    A:

    An organic molecule is typically a compound that contains carbon atoms bonded together in chains or rings. Organic molecules are found in living systems and may also contain nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, and hydrogen bonded to the carbon atoms.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What type of organic molecule is gelatin?

    A:

    Gelatin is a amphoteric protein derived from the heating of collagen. An amphoteric substance is one that can behave as an acid or a base, and gelatin can be produced either by pre-treating collagen with an acid or with a base. The various pre-treatments create two different varieties of gelatin called A and B.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What type of organic molecule is ATP?

    A:

    Adenosine Triphosphate, or ATP, is a nucleotide used for storing energy in organic molecules. Nucleotides are organic molecules made up of a sugar molecule, phosphate unit and nitrogenous base. They are the building blocks of nucleic acids like DNA and RNA. DNA and RNA, in turn, are the building blocks of all known organic life.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is an organic compound?

    A:

    Organic compounds are a class of complex molecules that are characterized by their use of carbon as a molecular backbone. Carbon is able to bond with up to four other atoms, which makes it ideal for building up the complicated molecules typical of organic chemistry.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore