Large bodies of water affect the climate by serving as heat sinks. Oceans and other large bodies of water absorb heat during summer months and radiate it back out during the winter, moderating temperatures for nearby land masses. They also carry heat from tropical regions to other areas via currents.Know More
When the sun's energy strikes land, a small amount of heat is absorbed by the uppermost layer of the crust and the rest is reflected back into the atmosphere. A large body of water, on the other hand, has a surface made of molecules that are constantly in motion, allowing warmer water to circulate away from the surface and bringing cooler water up to absorb more heat. This allows oceans and other bodies of water to absorb much more heat than land masses do. During the summer, the ocean absorbs heat from the atmosphere, cooling the air that flows from the sea onto the land. In the winter, stored energy from warmer months works its way to the surface, warming the breezes that pass onto the shore.
Currents in the ocean are also very important to world climate. Each ocean has its own set of circular currents that flow throughout the body of water, many extending from the tropics well into the colder latitudes. This system transports warm water into oceans that would otherwise remain frigid, allowing them to moderate climate even in countries near the poles.Learn more in Environmental Science
The climate in the rainforest is always humid and hot. Rainfall in the rainforest averages around 8 to 14 feet per year and temperatures average at or above 70 degrees Fahrenheit all year long.Full Answer >
A tropical climate has warm temperatures throughout the year and a significant amount of precipitation. The average temperature each month is higher than 64 F, and tropical areas get at least 59 inches of rainfall annually.Full Answer >
Tundras have cold, windy climates with low levels of rainfall. Snow is nearly always on the ground, except during summer. The latitudinal range of the tundra is from 60 to 75 degrees north.Full Answer >
A moderate climate has weather patterns that remain within reasonable limits. A place with a moderate climate is neither too hot nor too cold. Moderate climate is also characterized by moderate wind and moderate rains. The changes between summer and winter are generally moderate in the temperate, or tepid, latitudes of the globe, which lie between the tropics and the polar regions.Full Answer >