The large sections of the lithosphere are called tectonic plates. These plates are made up of the crust and upper mantle of the Earth, and they sit on top of the asthenosphere.Know More
The tectonic plates are an important part of understanding the evolution of the appearance of the Earth through the years. In general, the plates measure about 100 to 200 kilometers thick. Underneath these tectonic plates, the hot asthenosphere moves and causes the movement of the plates above.
The movement of these plates causes the land masses to slowly move. Earth looks very different in modern times than millions of years ago. Continents collide and move apart as a result of the plates. The movement of two plates against one another causes earthquakes and forms mountains.Learn more about Geology
The separate sections the lithosphere are broken into are called tectonic plates. The shifting of tectonic plates can cause volcanic eruptions and earthquakes.Full Answer >
Earthquakes are the result of brittle failure within the earth's lithosphere. Earthquakes cause energy to be released in an area of strain that is most often near a tectonic plate boundary.Full Answer >
Volcanoes have a positive effect on the lithosphere; the buried materials, burnt trees and plants caused by the flow of lava help in fertilizing the soil, increasing its nutritive content. The Earth's lithosphere is made of different structures, such as rocks, plants and reefs, all of which are vulnerable to destruction during eruptions.Full Answer >
The crust and upper mantle of the Earth form the lithosphere. The lithosphere is about 62 miles thick. The part of the lithosphere that supports the continents is thicker than the part of the lithosphere that supports the oceans.Full Answer >