Latitude affects climate by influencing the intensity of the sun in a region. The angle and duration of the sun's energy determine surface temperature so that higher latitudes receive less heat, but lower latitudes closer to the equator receive significantly more heat.Know More
Based on latitude, the Earth is divided into three general climate zones: artic zones, tropic zones and temperate zones. The arctic zones tend to be snow - and ice - covered year-round though they often receive no more precipitation than deserts. The tropic zone, on both sides of the equator, receives the most sunlight and generally experiences warm weather and seasonal rainfall. The temperate zone, between the arctic and tropical zones, has the most diversity of weather.
Besides latitude, many other factors affect climate, including the nearness of land to bodies of water, prevailing global wind patterns and the elevation of the land. What covers the land on the Earth's surface also plays a role, as heavily vegetated areas absorb sunlight while areas like polar ice reflect it. The general climate zones are broken into sub-climates, which include high-latitude polar ice cap, sub-arctic and tundra, middle-latitude Mediterranean, maritime and steppe and low-latitude tropical savannas and rain forests. Some sub-climates, such as deserts, occur at various latitudes as they have more to do with precipitation than intensity of sunlight.Learn more about Atmosphere
The atmosphere supports life on Earth by protecting it from dangerous electromagnetic radiation, by creating and controlling weather and climate and by providing the gases that plants and animals need to breathe. The atmosphere is composed of the troposphere, the tropopause, the stratosphere, the mesosphere and the ionosphere.Full Answer >
There are numerous factors that influence the Earth's climate, which include the temperature, atmospheric conditions, ice, land and land masses. The more sulfur oxide and other reflective material in the atmosphere, the cooler the Earth's climate, due to the particles reflecting the sun's rays away from the planet.Full Answer >
Altitude affects climate in that the higher up you get, the more the temperature drops. The temperature goes down roughly 4 degrees Fahrenheit for every 1,000 feet you climb. Altitude is the subject's distance from the sea. This is why a lot of high-up places such as mountaintops often get snow for most of the year when other places do not, no matter how low the temperature drops.Full Answer >
Europe has four major climate zones, which are the maritime climate, Central European climate, continental climate and Mediterranean climate. Within these zones, however, there can be internal variations. Big industrialized cities, for example, may have their own climates due to infrastructure and pollution.Full Answer >