Latitude affects climate by influencing the intensity of the sun in a region. The angle and duration of the sun's energy determine surface temperature so that higher latitudes receive less heat, but lower latitudes closer to the equator receive significantly more heat.Know More
Based on latitude, the Earth is divided into three general climate zones: artic zones, tropic zones and temperate zones. The arctic zones tend to be snow - and ice - covered year-round though they often receive no more precipitation than deserts. The tropic zone, on both sides of the equator, receives the most sunlight and generally experiences warm weather and seasonal rainfall. The temperate zone, between the arctic and tropical zones, has the most diversity of weather.
Besides latitude, many other factors affect climate, including the nearness of land to bodies of water, prevailing global wind patterns and the elevation of the land. What covers the land on the Earth's surface also plays a role, as heavily vegetated areas absorb sunlight while areas like polar ice reflect it. The general climate zones are broken into sub-climates, which include high-latitude polar ice cap, sub-arctic and tundra, middle-latitude Mediterranean, maritime and steppe and low-latitude tropical savannas and rain forests. Some sub-climates, such as deserts, occur at various latitudes as they have more to do with precipitation than intensity of sunlight.Learn more about Atmosphere
The East Asia summer monsoons bring moist, warm air to the region in the form of rain. This rainfall significantly effects China's economy and society. This is because it constitutes the bulk of the rain received by China in the course of a year. The East Asian summer and winter monsoons are among the primary factors determining China's climate.Full Answer >
The ozone layer is located in the stratosphere, a region of the atmosphere that is about 10 to 50 kilometers above the Earth. The stratosphere consists of approximately 90 percent ozone. Ozone has the chemical formula O3.Full Answer >
Although there is no specific definition for high latitude climate, these environments typically exist above 60 degrees of latitude. This type of climate is called arctic in the Northern Hemisphere, Antarctic in the Southern Hemisphere, or simply polar.Full Answer >
The Atacama Desert in Chile is the driest desert in the world. Average rainfall totals 0.59 inches per year, but some weather stations placed there have never received rain, and historical evidence suggests the desert may have experienced no rainfall at all from 1570 to 1971. Daytime temperatures average between 32 and 77 degrees Fahrenheit, and nighttime temperatures can drop to 10 to 15 degrees below zero.Full Answer >