The latitude that receives the sun’s rays directly overhead on June 21st is 23.5 degrees north. This latitude is also known as the Tropic of Cancer.Know More
Earth does not rotate on its perpendicular axis. Instead, it is tilted by an angle of 23.5 degrees as measured from the line that is perpendicular to the planet’s orbit around the sun. The tilt in the earth’s axis causes the seasons. As the earth revolves around the sun, the different hemispheres are closer to the sun at different times.
In June, the earth’s tilt causes the northern hemisphere to be closer to the sun. June 21st marks the June solstice, when the sun is directly above the Tropic of Cancer. After this day, the tilt of the planet causes a shift and the sun begins to move closer to the southern hemisphere. By December 21st, the December solstice, the sun is directly above the Tropic of Capricorn, which is 23.5 degrees south of the equator.Learn more about Months & Seasons
The longest day of the year occurs on the summer solstice, which takes place in June in the Northern Hemisphere and December in the Southern Hemisphere. The solstice occurs between June 20 and 22 or between December 20 and 23 each year.Full Answer >
According to NASA Spaceplace, the Earth has its seasons, formally understood as weather and climate patterns, of winter, spring, summer and fall because the planet’s axis is tilted at an angle from the plane of orbit around the sun. As the Earth orbits the sun, the tilted axis always points in the same direction, so different parts of Earth get the sun's direct rays and certain areas do not.Full Answer >
Because of the way the Earth rotates during the summer months, the Earth is closer to the sun, resulting in longer daylight hours. Northern cities have longer daylight hours than those at lower latitudes.Full Answer >
The seven important lines of latitude are the equator at 0 degrees, Tropic of Capricorn at 23.5 degrees south, Tropic of Cancer at 23.5 degrees north, Antarctic Circle at 66.5 degrees south, Arctic Circle at 66.5 degrees north, South Pole at 90 degrees south and North Pole at 90 degrees north. Latitude is an imaginary line that encircles the planet and runs parallel to the equator.Full Answer >