The levels of ecological organization are the biosphere, biome, ecosystem, community, population and individual. Ecological organization helps people understand the structure and function of entire groups of microbes, plants and animals individually and as a whole.Know More
The Earth is a biosphere. It includes all living organisms, both plants and animals, as well as every biome on Earth. Biomes are specific regions that share like ecosystems. There are desert, forest, tundra, grassland and aquatic biomes on Earth. Each of these major biomes is divided into distinct types. For instance, the forest biome is divided into temperate, tropical and boreal forests.
An ecosystem includes a specific community of living organisms, but also includes other abiotic factors, such as rocks, water, air and temperature. A community consists of all organisms in an area at a given time. Communities are normally biologically diverse.
A population is a given species in an area at a given time. Populations include different genetic makeup of the same species. For instance, the human population includes various ethnicities. Lastly, individual can be defined as any living species or organism. Individuals do not breed with individuals from other groups. Animals are very definite concerning cross-breeding, while some plants do cross-breed with other plants.Learn more about Environmental Science
Ecological balance is important for the continued survival and existence of organisms as well as the stability of the environment. The natural balance in the ecosystem, which must be maintained, may be disturbed as a result of natural hazards, the unexpected death of a particular species, man-made causes or the introduction of new species to the ecosystem.Full Answer >
Ecological balance is a stable state between all plants and animals in an ecosystem, and destabilization of the stable state is ecological imbalance. When plants and animals share a particular habitat, balance must be maintained for the benefit of all organisms.Full Answer >
The stages of ecological succession are primary succession, when opportunistic species move into a mostly lifeless environment, and secondary succession, when new species displace the primary succession species once the latter has modified the environment. In some cases, secondary succession proceeds to a climax community.Full Answer >
The three types of ecological pyramids include the pyramid of numbers, the pyramid of energy and the pyramid of biomass. These pyramids may be upright, inverted or partly upright, depending on the number of organisms on a given level. Regardless of the shape, the producers are always on the bottom.Full Answer >