Limestone can be formed as a result of evaporation, as is the case for stalactites and stalagmites in caves, or through the accumulation of calcium carbonate in marine environments. Limestone is either a biological or a chemical sedimentary rock, depending on its method of formation.Know More
Limestone formations created through evaporation are chemical sedimentary rocks, also known as travertine. They are formed when droplets containing calcium carbonate leak through cave ceilings and evaporate. As each evaporated droplet leaves behind a small amount of calcium carbonate, a stalactite forms. If droplets fall to the floor and then evaporate, a stalagmite extends upward as the calcium carbonate starts to pile up. Many caves are filled with these characteristic limestone teeth.
Biological sedimentary limestone forms most often in warm, shallow marine waters in areas between 30 degrees latitude north and 30 degrees latitude south. This type of limestone is formed as marine organisms with calcium carbonate shells and skeletons die and accumulate layer by layer. Eventually, with extensive pressure and time, that calcium carbonate sediment hardens into limestone. These types of rocks often have fossils present in them. A less common method of limestone formation is through the direct accretion of calcium carbonate from either salt or fresh water.Learn more about Geology
Marble is a metamorphic rock formed from limestone. Changes in the limestone's chemical properties due to external forces can result in the creation of marble.Full Answer >
Marble is formed from limestone when the limestone is affected by heat and high pressure during a process known as metamorphism. During metamorphism the calcite limestone recrystallizes, forming the interlocking calcite crystals that make up the marble.Full Answer >
Limestone is mostly made of calcite and dolomite; the former is composed or calcium, carbon and oxygen, while the latter is composed of calcium and magnesium. Depending on the type of limestone, other minerals and elements may be included.Full Answer >
According to the U.S. General Services Administration, limestone is important because it is widely used in architectural applications for walls, decorative trim and veneer. It is less commonly used in making sculptures because of its porosity and softness.Full Answer >